Section: Original Investigation
Authors: Josh L. Secomba,b,c, Jeremy M. Sheppardb,c and Ben J. Dascombea,d
Affiliations: aApplied Sport Science and Exercise Testing Laboratory, Exercise and Sports Science, Faculty of Science and IT, University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, Australia. bHurley Surfing Australia High Performance Centre, Casuarina Beach, Australia. cCentre for Exercise and Sport Science Research, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia. dPriority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia.
Acceptance Date: April 11, 2014
Purpose:The purpose of the present study was to provide a descriptive and quantitative time-motion analysis of surfing training, with the use of global positioning system (GPS) and heart rate (HR) technology. Methods: Fifteen male surfing athletes (22.1 ± 3.9 yr; 175.4 ± 6.4 cm; 72.5 ± 7.7 kg) performed a two hour surfing training session, wearing both a GPS unit and HR monitor. An individual digital video recording was taken of the entire surfing duration.Repeat measures ANOVA were used to determine any effects of time on the physical and physiological measures. Results: Participants covered 6293.2 ± 1826.1 m during the two hour surfing training session, and recorded measures of average speed, HRaverage and HRpeak as: 52.4 ± 15.2 m·min-1, 128 ± 13 b·min-1 and 171 ± 12 b·min-1, respectively. Further, the relative mean time spent performing; paddling, sprint paddling to catch waves, stationary, wave riding, and recovery of the surfboard was:42.6 ±9.9 %, 4.1± 1.2 %, 52.8 ± 12.4 %, 2.5 ± 1.9 %, and 2.1 ± 1.7 %, respectively. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that a two hour surfing training session is performed at a reduced intensity compared to competitive heats. This is likely due to the onset of fatigue and a pacing strategy utilised by participants. Further, surfing training sessions do not appear to appropriately condition surfers for competitive events. As a result, coaches working with surfing athletes should consider altering training sessions to incorporate repeated effort sprint paddling to more effectivelyphysically prepare surfers for competitive events.
Key Words; Surfboard, GPS, TMA, Surf, HR