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Original Research The Pre-competition and Competition Practices of Canadian Aboriginal Elite Athletes



147 – 165

This study was designed to elucidate the pre-competition and competition practices of elite Canadian Aboriginal athletes. Elite Canadian Aboriginal athletes (N = 23) participated in semi-structured interviews. Data were segmented into meaning units by academic and Aboriginal community-appointed members, and verified with each respondent individually through mail and a password-protected website. Competition tactics were divided into three chronological stages, each with specific athlete strategies: (a) general training before competitions, (b) pre-competition week, and (c) competition strategies. The majority of the numerous strategies they reported could be considered as reflecting native traditions, appropriate attitudes/ perspective, or standard sport psychology techniques. Suggestions are proposed for applied researchers and practitioners working with cultural populations, as well as how these strategies might be developed for use with other populations.

Authors: Robert J. Schinke, Stephanie J. Hanrahan, Duke Peltier, Ginette Michel, Richard Danielson, Patricia Pickard, Christopher Pheasant, Lawrence Enosse, Mark Peltier

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