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Original Research

Effect of Elimination Games on Physical Activity and Psychosocial Responses in Children

475 – 483

Background: This study evaluated the effect of elimination and nonelimination games on objectively measured physical activity and psychosocial responses in children. Methods: A total of 29 children in grades 4 to 6 (65.5% male; 10.5 ± 1.0 years old) wore an accelerometer while participating in 2 elimination and 2 nonelimination games. Activity counts were collected using a 30-second epoch and converted to METs to determine minutes spent in sedentary behavior and light, moderate, vigorous, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Selfefficacy, enjoyment, and peer-victimization were assessed on 4 occasions (before and after 2 elimination and 2 nonelimination games). Results: Overall, girls spent more time in sedentary behavior compared with boys. Children engaged in significantly more moderate-to-vigorous physical activity during nonelimination games compared with elimination games. Furthermore, children significantly increased self-efficacy after playing both game sessions. A significant interaction between type of game and time of measurement in the prediction of enjoyment showed that enjoyment modestly increased after elimination games and slightly decreased after nonelimination games. There were no differences in peer-victimization. Conclusion: This study provides preliminary evidence that nonelimination games provide more moderate-to-vigorous physical activity compared with elimination games, but elimination games may be more enjoyable.

Keywords: youth, physically active games, self-efficacy, enjoyment, peer-victimization 

Authors: Karla E. Foster, Timothy K. Behrens, Abigail L. Jager, David A. Dzewaltowski

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