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Recent Original Research of Particular Note



JPAH publishes the most engaging research on physical activity and its influence on all aspects of health. The following is a selection of JPAH articles featuring original research of note published from 2010-2013.

 

A Qualitative, Longitudinal Study Exploring Obese Adolescents’ Attitudes Towards Physical Activity

Anders Lindelof, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Birthe D. Pedersen

Article conclusion: Among others, a reason why obese adolescents fail to live an active life is that they find limited pleasure in such behavior. It is argued that obese adolescents need a positive attitude toward physical activity if they are to be more active. With reference to Bourdieu’s theory of practice, it is hypothesized that such attitude needs to be learned through everyday life by experiencing joy and meaning by being physical active.

Volume 10, Issue 1

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Assessing State-Level Active Living Promotion Using Network Analysis

Opal Vanessa Buchthal, Nicole Taniguchi, Livia Iskandar, Jay E. Maddock

Article conclusion: Results suggest that in the early stages of development, active living networks may be divided by geography and core missions, requiring work to bridge these divides. Network mapping appears helpful in identifying areas for network development.

Volume 10, Issue 1

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Exposure to Physical Activity Resources by Neighborhood Sociodemographic Characteristics in Copenhagen

Chalida Svastisalee, Jasper Schipperijn, Bjørn E. Hostein, Lisa M. Powell, Pernille Due

Article conclusion: Residents living in areas with high proportions of low education or young children are likely to have high exposure to physical activity resources. Exposure to physical activity resources in Copenhagen may not explain the inequalities in physical activity behavior. Further examination of exposure to built environment resources is warranted.

Volume 9, Issue 8

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Assessing Physical Activity in Muslim Women of South Asian Origin

Tessa M. Pollard, Cornelia Guell

Article conclusion: Questionnaires are unlikely to provide an accurate assessment of physical activity in this group of women. This suggests that accelerometer data will be preferable. However, collecting sufficient data for large-scale studies using activity monitors in this population will be challenging.

Volume 9, Issue 7

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Feasibility of Using Global Positioning Systems (GPS) With Diverse Urban Adults: Before and After Data on Perceived Acceptability, Barriers, and Ease of Use

Shannon N. Zenk, Amy J. Schulz, Angela M. Odoms-Young, JoEllen Wilbur, Stephen Matthews, Cindy Gamboa, Lani R. Wegrzyn, Susan Hobson, Carmen Stokes

Article conclusion: Use of GPS was feasible in this racially/ethnically diverse, lower SEP sample.

Volume 9, Issue 7

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Disentangling Vitality, Well-Being, and Quality of Life: A Conceptual Examination Emphasizing Their Similarities and Differences With Special Application in the Physical Activity Domain

Eva Guerin

Article conclusion: Important arguments, among others, include the precision or specificity of the definition of vitality compared with well-being and quality of life, and the emergence of a spectrum along which these constructs can be aligned with regards to the breadth of internal and external experiences they capture.

(Volume 9, Issue 6)

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Active Living in the Trucking Sector: Environmental Barriers and Health Promotion Strategies

Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Mona M. Shattell, Sevil Sönmez, Robert Strack,, Lauren Haldeman, Victoria Jones

Article conclusion: This paper places the highly underserved population of truckers firmly within the discourse of worksite health promotion, and calls for comprehensive multistakeholder wellness strategies that address a multitude of risk factors linked to the occupational context.

(Volume 9, Issue 2)

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Active for a Day: Predictors of Relapse Among Previously Active Mass Event Participants

Aoife Lane, Niamh Murphy, Adrian Bauman, Tien Chey

Article conclusion: Education, living in an urban area, BMI, walking the event, training, and self efficacy are all associated with relapse and while mass events are a useful motivator for physical activity, strategies are required following events to maintain participation levels and generate a lasting public health impact.

(Volume 9. Issue 1)

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Treadmill Workstations: A Worksite Physical Activity Intervention in Overweight and Obese Office Workers

Dinesh John, Dixie L. Thompson, Hollie Raynor, Kenneth Bielak, Bob Rider, David R. Bassett

Article conclusion: The additional physical activity energy expenditure from using the treadmill workstation favorably influenced waist and hip circumferences and lipid and metabolic profiles in overweight and obese office-workers.

(Volume 8, Issue 8)

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The Association Between Physical Education and Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Lucy Barnard-Brak, Tonya Davis, Tracey Sulak, Victor Brak

Article conclusion: Using a community-based, nationally representative sample of children aged 5 to 7 years old from the United States, the results of the current study suggest that physical education, as a structured form of physical activity, may be considered as associated with lower levels of symptoms of ADHD across time.

(Volume 8, Issue 7)

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Unleashing Physical Activity: An Observational Study of Park Use, Dog Walking, and Physical Activity

Viviene Temple, Ryan Rhodes, Joan Wharf Higgins

Article conclusion: Our observational snapshot of park use supports earlier work that dogs serve as a motivational support for their owners’ walking practices through fair and foul weather.

(Volume 8, Issue 6)

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Individual, Social, and Physical Environment Factors Associated With Electronic Media Use Among Children: Sedentary Behavior at Home

Joanna Granich, Michael Rosenberg, Matthew W. Knuiman, Anna Timperio

Article conclusion: Efforts to modify children’s electronic media use should focus on a mix of intervention strategies that address patterns and reinforcement of TV viewing, household rules limiting screen time, and the presence of electronic media devices in the child’s bedroom.

(Volume 8, Issue 5)

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A Pilot Study of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Promotion of Physical Activity

Meghan L. Butryn, Evan Forman, Kimberly Hoffman, Jena Shaw, Adrienne Juarascio

Article conclusion: The results indicate that acceptance and commitment therapy approaches have the potential to promote short-term increases in physical activity.

(Volume 8, Issue 4)

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The Impact of Dog Walking on Leisure-Time Physical Activity: Results From a Population-Based Survey of Michigan Adults

Mathew J. Reeves, Ann P. Rafferty, Corinne E. Miller, Sarah K. Lyon-Callo

Article conclusion: Dog walking was associated with more walking and LTPA, however a substantial proportion of dog owners do not walk their dog. The promotion of dog walking could help increase LTPA. (Read a Q&A with the author)

(Volume 8, Issue 3)

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Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Depressive Symptoms Among Adolescents

Clare Hume, Anna Timperio, Jenny Veitch, Jo Salmon, David Crawford, and Kylie Ball

Article conclusion: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, vigorous physical activity, organized sport and objectively-measured sedentary time appeared unrelated to depressive symptoms in this sample, but depressive symptoms predicted increased TV viewing over time among adolescent girls. Further research is required to determine the clinical relevance of this finding.

(Volume 8, Issue 2)

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Factors Predicting Adherence to 9 Months of Supervised Exercise in Healthy Older Women

Amanda Visek, Erin A. Olson, and Loretta DiPietro

Article conclusion: Due to competing lifestyle demands, exercise intensity may be less of a factor in adherence among older women than is exercise duration.
(Volume 8, Issue 1)

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Correlates of Children and Parents Being Physically Active Together

Sarah M. Lee, Allison Nihiser, Darcy Strouse, Barnali Das, Shannon Michael, and Marian Huhman

Article conclusion: The majority of respondents reported participating in co-physical activity, and multiple sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychosocial correlates were significantly associated with co-physical activity. This study provides insight for physical activity interventions that might involve parents.
(Volume 7, Issue 6)

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The Physical Activity Vital Sign: A Primary Care Tool to Guide Counseling for Obesity

Jessica L.J. Greenwood, Elizabeth A. Joy, and Joseph B. Stanford

Article conclusion: Response to the Physical Activity Vital Sign (PAVS) question of typical behavior is highly correlated with BMI. Although response to the PAVS question of behavior last week is not correlated, this question may prompt accurate recall to the typical week question and help guide patient counseling. Our results support the construct validity for the use of the PAVS as a clinical screening tool and suggest the need for additional research to characterize the properties of the PAVS.
(Volume 7, Issue 5)

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Quality of Life, Physical Activity, and Built Environment Characteristics Among Colombian Adults

Olga L. Sarmiento, Thomas L. Schmid, Diana C. Parra, Adriana Díaz-del-Castillo, Luis Fernando Gómez, Michael Pratt, Enrique Jacoby, José D. Pinzón, and John Duperly

Article conclusion: This study provides preliminary evidence that health-related quality of life is associated with PA and BE characteristics among adults in an urban setting of the developing world.
(Volume 7, Supplement: "Physical Activity Research in Latin America")

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Perceived Barriers to Leisure-Time Physical Activity in Adults: An Ecological Perspective

Ester Cerin, Evie Leslie, Takemi Sugiyama, and Neville Owen

Article conclusion:Level and likelihood of participation in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) are associated with different perceived barriers. Perceived barriers are a function of both nonmodifiable personal factors and potentially modifiable personal, social, and environmental factors. These findings suggest that the provision of relevant environmental opportunities and social support may effectively reduce perceived barriers to LTPA.

(Volume 7, Issue 4)

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Fitness Level and Risk of Weight Gain in Middle-Age Women: A Prospective Cohort Study

Larry A. Tucker and Travis Peterson

Article conclusion: High levels of fitness seem to help protect middle-aged women against weight gain, whereas low and moderate fitness increase risk of weight gain over time.
(Volume 7, Issue 3)

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Developer and Realtor Perspectives on Factors That Influence Development, Sale, and Perceived Demand for Activity-Friendly Communities

Cheryl Carnoske, Christine Hoehner, Nicholas Ruthmann, Lawrence Frank, Susan Handy, James Hill, Sherry Ryan, James Sallis, Karen Glanz, and Ross Brownson

Article conclusion: Activity-friendly Traditional Neighborhood Developments appear to be increasing in demand, but developers and realtors reported significant barriers to creating these communities.

(Volume 7, Supplement: "Physical Activity Policy: From Present to Future")

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Twelve-Month Effects of a Playground Intervention on Children’s Morning and Lunchtime Recess Physical Activity Levels

Nicola D. Ridgers, Stuart J. Fairclough, and Gareth Stratton

Article conclusion: A playground markings and physical structures intervention had a positive effect on intervention children’s morning and lunchtime MVPA and VPA when assessed using heart rate and accelerometry, but this effect is strongest 6-months post-intervention and decreased between 6 months and 12 months.
(Volume 7, Issue 2)

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Three-Year Changes in Fitness and Adiposity Are Independently Associated With Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Young Danish Children

Russell Jago, Karsten Froberg, Ashley R. Cooper, Stig Eiberg, and Lars Bo Andersen

Article conclusion: Change in fitness and adiposity were independently associated with the development of cardiovascular risk factors among young children suggesting a need to increase CRF and prevent weight gain early during development to improve cardiovascular health.

(Volume 7, Issue 1)

 




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