Does the paper report important findings that add to the body of knowledge in sport and communication?
Have the main findings or applications been published previously?
Is the purpose of the study stated clearly and an adequate justification for the study provided?
Is the research design sound and appropriate for the stated purpose of the study?
Are the methods and analyses appropriate and sufficiently clear to be readily repeated by other researchers?
Are the conclusions justified and logically consistent?
Are the practical applications of the study clear and concise?
Are the references to existing studies pertinent and complete?
Is the paper concise, consistent in format, and clearly written? Are the grammar, expression, and use of English up to an acceptable standard?
Are all the figures and tables relevant? Is there unnecessary duplication of results between figures, tables, and the text?
Are the figures and tables properly prepared in accordance with the instructions for authors?
Do the title and abstract accurately reflect the contents and findings of the study?
Is the written text clear and unambiguous? Without rewriting the manuscript or imposing your own style, identify text that is verbose or ambiguous. Please identify text that should be expanded or condensed by specific reference to sentences or paragraph as appropriate.
Are the in-text citations and reference list in compliance with the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition), 2009 (http://www.apastyle.org/pubmanual.html)?
Have the authors clearly identified the research design and statistical methods?
Are there any concerns with sampling bias or measurement bias?
Have the authors quantified measurement imprecision with details on the typical or technical error of measurement?
Has the sample variability been reported with standard deviation and uncertainty (or precision) of estimates indicated using confidence intervals?
Have magnitudes of effects been reported and interpreted with established criteria? Reporting the practical significance in a sport setting will help readers determine the real-world value or application of the main findings.
Are precise p values shown? Indirect indications such as p < .05 or p = NS make it difficult for other researchers undertaking meta-analyses. Results should be reported so that the number of digits is scientifically relevant.
Is the use of standard and nonstandard statistical terms, abbreviations, and symbols defined appropriately, and are the details of computer software packages cited?
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