Development and Validation of the Children’s Attitudes Toward Integrated Physical Education–Revised (CAIPE–R) Inventory

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
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This paper describes the development and validation of the Children’s Attitudes Toward Integrated Physical Education–Revised (CAIPE-R) inventory, an inventory designed to assess attitudes of children without disabilities toward including peers with disabilities in regular physical education. The CAIPE–R inventory includes a description of a student with disabilities, followed by seven statements regarding including a child with disabilities in regular physical education and five statements regarding specific adaptations to a team sport that would foster inclusion. Users respond to each statement on a 4-point Likert scale. Construct validity using factor analysis, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability was determined on a sample of 44 sixth graders. The CAIPE was revised (CAIPE-R) and given to a second set of subjects (n = 208). Results indicated that the CAIPE-R was a valid and reliable instrument for measuring attitudes of children without disabilities toward including children with disabilities in physical education. Preliminary data on children’s attitudes toward including a student with disabilities in regular physical education are also presented.

The CAIPE-R is available from the author. The author would like to thank Terry Rizzo for his feedback on early drafts of this paper.

Martin E. Block is with the Department of Human Services, Curry School of Education, Ruffner Hall, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903.

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