The purpose of this study was to describe the fundamental gross motor skills and fitness conditions of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Nineteen children, ages 7 to 12, participated. Gross motor performance was measured by the Test of Gross Motor Development (Ulrich, 1985). Fitness variables were measured by selected items from the Canada Fitness Survey (Fitness Canada, 1985), the CAHPER Fitness-Performance II Test (CAHPER, 1980), and the 20 m Shuttle Run Test (Leger, Lambert, Goulet, Rowan, & Dinelle, 1984). Percentile scores provided individual and group profiles of performance. It was concluded that fundamental gross motor performance and physical fitness of children with ADHD are substantially below average.
Versions of this paper were presented at the 2ieme journee d’etude en education physique psychiatrique (Hopital Riviere-des-Prairies, 1995) and the 10th International Symposium on Adapted Physical Activity (1995) in Oslo, Norway. The authors would like to express their gratitude for the financial support provided by McGill University, Douglas Hospital, and the World Health Organization (WHO). The primary author also would like to thank the children, parents, and staff of the Child Study Center for their patience and support.
William J. Harvey is with Douglas Hospital in Montreal, PQ, H4H 1R3. Greg Reid is with McGill University, Montreal, PQ, H2W 1S4.