Preparation and Job Demographics of Adapted Physical Educators in the United States

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
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A national job analysis was conducted to determine the preparation perceptions, job demographics, and decision-making roles of adapted physical educators (APEs). Participants were 293 teachers, representing a 51% return rate. Most had master’s degrees in physical education, an average of 10 years teaching experience in APE, and APE job titles. Teachers emphasized a greater need for training in teaching, motor development, and continuing education. Most respondents worked in urban settings (56%), served an average of 4.4 schools, and reported an average caseload of 104 students. Teachers worked an average of 36.1 hr per week. Of this time, 52% was spent providing direct APE services and 26% providing indirect APE instruction. Teachers worked with all age groups and all degrees of disabilities. Findings were discussed in relation to the 219 APEs taking the first national APE certification examination in 1997, professional preparation concerns, and service delivery issues.

Luke E. Kelly is with the Department of Physical Education and Bruce Gansneder is with the Department of Education Research at the University of Virginia. Direct correspondence to Luke E. Kelly, 405 Emmet Street, Ruffner Hall, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903-6254.

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