Questioning Our Philosophical and Methodological Research Assumptions: Psychological Perspectives

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly

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Marcel BouffardUniversity of Alberta

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William B. StreanUniversity of Alberta

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Walter E. DavisKent State University

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Philosophical and methodological assumptions often made by researchers working at the behavioral level of analysis in adapted physical activity are reviewed. Particular attention is given to movement skill acquisition research guided by a cognitive science or information processing approach and an ecological task analysis approach. In the final section of this paper, emerging views are used to illustrate other assumptions often tacitly made by movement skill researchers. Alternative possibilities offered by recent perspectives are also presented.

Marcel Bouffard and William B. Strean are at the Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H9, Canada. Walter Davis is at the Motor & Leisure Skills Program, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242.

The authors consider this paper to be an equal collaboration. Most of the paper was completed while Walter Davis was a visiting professor at the University of Alberta.

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