An Inclusion Instrument Based on Planned Behavior Theory for Prospective Physical Educators

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
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The purpose was to provide validity evidence for an attitude survey that will predict the intention of Czech prospective teachers to include students with physical disabilities in general physical education (GPE). Based on the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1991, 2000), the Czech Attitude Toward Teaching Individuals with Physical Disabilities in Physical Education (ATIPDPE) contained statements of intention and of behavioral, normative, and control beliefs. Attitude was inferred from behavioral beliefs. Content validity evidence was established by experts in two countries and by pilot studies utilizing 96 university students to elicit accessible beliefs and intentions. Construct validity evidence was derived from data collected from 145 GPE and 47 adapted PE prospective teachers enrolled in three universities in the Czech Republic. Bivariate correlations, hierarchical regression analysis, and ANOVA examination of known group difference provided good validity evidence for the ATIPDPE. Alpha coefficients ranged from .71 to .94.

Martin Kudláèek and Hana Válková are with the Department of Adapted Physical Education at the University of Palackỳ, KATV FTK, Trida Miru 115, Olomouc, 771 11, Czech Republic. E-mail: <>. Claudine Sherrill, Bettye Myers, and Ron French are with the Department of Kinesiology at Texas Woman’s University, Denton, TX.