The purpose was to examine sport participation (excluding physical education classes) of school-aged Chinese children with disabilities attending special schools in Hong Kong. A sample of 237 children, ages 9 to 19, attending 10 special schools in Hong Kong, responded to a sport participation questionnaire in individual interviews. Data were analyzed by gender, two school levels, and five disability types. Results relating to participation frequency and extent indicated that girls were significantly less active than boys. Children with physical disability, visual impairment, and mental disability were less active than children with hearing impairment and maladjustment. Children with different types of disabilities varied in their participation patterns and choices of physical activities as well as their motives for sport participation, nonparticipation, and withdrawal. We concluded that disability type is more related to children’s participation behaviors in sport and physical activities than to gender and school level.
Cindy H.P. Sit is with the Physical Education and Sports Science Unit at the The University of Hong Kong, 111-113 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong. E-mail: <email@example.com>. Koenraad Lindner was the head of the Physical Education and Sports Science Unit at the University of Hong Kong. He is now retired. Claudine Sherrill is with the Department of Kinesiology at Texas Woman’s University, Denton, TX.