Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Review of Research on Movement Skill Performance and Physical Fitness

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
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The purpose of this study was to present a comprehensive review of research on the movement performance and physical fitness of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and offer research recommendations. Movement behaviors of children with ADHD were described on the basis of 49 empirical studies published between 1949 and 2002. Major results indicated that (a) children with ADHD are at risk for movement skill difficulties, (b) children with ADHD are at risk for poor levels of physical fitness, (c) comorbidity may exist between ADHD and developmental coordination disorder (DCD), and (d) few interventions have focused on movement performance and physical fitness of children with ADHD. Numerous reference citations for seminal review articles on ADHD are provided so that potential researchers or program planners might enter the vast ADHD literature with some ease.

William J. Harvey is with Roberts Recreation Center at Douglas Hospital, 6875 Lasalle Blvd., Verdun, Quebec, Canada H4H-1R3. E-mail: Greg Reid is with the Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education at McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. E-mail:

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