This study developed a theoretically-driven survey, using the theory of reasoned action (TRA), to give validity evidence about intentions of middle school children to work and play with children with severe disabilities in general physical education. Participants were students in a Southern California middle school. Survey development included student interviews to identify beliefs that guided item construction, a pilot study, and the revised survey. Data were collected on TRA constructs and demographic variables. Path analysis, applying stepwise multiple regression and analyses, showed that attitude, subjective norm, educational placement (mild disability), and grade were significant predictors of a favorable intention and explained 72% of the variation in intention. Factor analysis revealed four factors representing 57.6% of the variance.
Joanie Verderber is a Senior Program Specialist with the Los Angeles County Office of Education. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Terry Rizzo is Chair of the Kinesiology Department at California State University, San Bernardino. Claudine Sherrill is with the Department of Kinesiology at Texas Woman’s University in Denton, TX.