This study compared physical education and recess physical activity levels of elementary school age students with mild mental retardation (MR) and students without disabilities who possessed either high or low cardiorespiratory fitness. For this study, the System for Observing Fitness Instructional Time (SOFIT), a measure of physical activity, was validated for students with mild MR. A significant difference for moderate to vigorous physical activity was obtained between settings. Findings suggest that students with MR and those without disabilities were more active during recess than during physical education. Students with mild MR and those with low cardiorespiratory fitness performed similarly in both the physical education and recess settings.
Jennifer Faison-Hodge is with the Department of Health and Sport Sciences at Capital University in Columbus, Ohio. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. David Poretta is with the School of Physical Activity and Educational Services at The Ohio State University in Columbus. E-mail: email@example.com.