This manuscript examines the validity and reliability of the tests used to measure body composition in the Brockport Physical Fitness Test. More specifically, information is provided on skinfold measures and body mass index and their applicability to youngsters with mental retardation and mild limitations in fitness, visual impairment (blindness), cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury, or congenital anomalies or amputations. The rationale for criterion-referenced standards for these test items for youngsters with these disabilities is provided along with some data on attainability of those standards. Possible ideas for future research are recommended.
Francis X. Short is Dean, School of Arts and Performance, State University of New York, College at Brockport, Brockport, NY 14420. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Joseph P. Winnick is Distinguished Service Professor with the Department of Physical Education and Sport, State University of New York, College at Brockport, Brockport, NY 14420. E-mail: email@example.com.