The Relationship between Aquatic Independence and Gross Motor Function in Children with Neuro-Motor Impairments

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between motor performance in the aquatic setting as measured by the Aquatic Independence Measure (AIM) to motor performance on land as measured by the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). Fourty- nine children with neuro-motor impairments ages 3 to 7 participated in the study. Pearson correlations were applied to determine the relationships between the AIM and the GMFM, PEDI, and Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS). Significant correlations were found between the total AIM and GMFM scores (r = 69, p < .01) and PEDI self-care sub-scale (r = .79, p < .01) as well as the PEDI mobility sub-scale scores (r = .35, p < .05). The water adjustment sub-scale as measured by the AIM showed the strongest relationship to motor performance on land as measured by the GMFM and PEDI in our sample of 49 children.

Miriam Getz is with the Kibuzzim College of Education, Tel Aviv, Israel and the Israel Sport Center for the Disabled in Ramat Gan, Israel. E-mail: Yeshayahu Hutzler is with Zinman College for Physical Education and Sports at the Wingate Institute and the Israel Sport Center for the Disabled Ramat Gan, Israel. E-mail: Adri Vermeer is with the faculty of Social Sciences of the Utrecht University, The Netherlands. E-mail:

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