Multidimensional Physical Self-Concept of Athletes With Physical Disabilities

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly

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Deborah R. ShapiroGeorgia State University

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Jeffrey J. MartinWayne State University

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The purposes of this investigation were first to predict reported PA (physical activity) behavior and self-esteem using a multidimensional physical self-concept model and second to describe perceptions of multidimensional physical self-concept (e.g., strength, endurance, sport competence) among athletes with physical disabilities. Athletes (N = 36, M age = 16.11, SD age = 2.8) completed the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire. Participants reported mostly positive perceptions of self-esteem, global physical self-concept, endurance, body fat, sport competence, strength, flexibility, and physical activity (Ms ranging from 3.9 to 5.6 out of 6). Correlations indicated a number of significant relationships among self-esteem and reported PA and various dimensions of physical self-concept. Using physical self-concept, strength, endurance, and flexibility in the first regression equation and sport competence and endurance simultaneously in the second equation, 47 and 31% of the variance was accounted for in self-esteem and reported PA, respectively. The findings support the value of examining multidimensional physical self-concept as different aspects of the physical self appear to have different influences on reported PA engagement versus self-esteem.

Deborah Shapiro is with the Department of Kinesiology and Health at Georgia State University in Atlanta. Jeffrey Martin is with the Division of Kinesiology, Health, and Sport Studies at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan.

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