Acquiring a Stable Estimate of Physical Activity in Adults With Visual Impairment

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly

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Elizabeth A. HolbrookRoanoke College

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Minsoo KangMiddle Tennessee State University

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Don W. MorganMiddle Tennessee State University

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As a first step toward the development of adapted physical activity (PA) programs for adults with visual impairment (VI), the purpose of this study was to determine the time frame needed to reliably estimate weekly PA in adults with VI. Thirty-three adults with VI completed 7 days of pedometer-based PA assessment. Generalizability theory analyses were conducted to quantify sources of variance within the PA estimate and determine the appropriate number of days of PA monitoring needed for the total sample and for participants with mild-to-moderate and severe VI. A single-facet, crossed design was employed including participants and days. Participants and days correspondingly accounted for 33–55% and 0–3% of the total variance in PA. While a reliable account of PA was obtained for the total sample over a 6-day period, shorter (4-day) and longer (9-day) periods were required for persons with mild-to-moderate and severe VI, respectively.

Elizabeth Holbrook is with the Department of Health and Human Performance at Roanoke College in Salem, VA. Minsoo Kang and Don Morgan are with the Department of Health and Human Performance at Middle Tennessee State University in Murfreesboro, TN.

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