Effects of Fundamental Movement Skills Training on Children With Developmental Coordination Disorder

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of fundamental movement skills (FMS) training on FMS proficiency, self-perceived physical competence (SPC), physical activity (PA), and sleep disturbance in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) compared with children with typical development (TD). A total of 84 children were allocated into either experimental group (DCD[exp], TD[exp]) who received 6 weeks of FMS training or control groups (DCD[con], TD[con]). FMS were assessed using the Test of Gross Motor Development-2, whereas PA was monitored using accelerometers. SPC and sleep disturbance were evaluated using questionnaires. Results showed that the DCD[exp] group had significantly higher scores in FMS and SPC compared with the DCD[con] group at posttest. The DCD[exp] group scored lower in sleep disturbance at follow-up when compared with posttest. It is suggested that short-term FMS training is effective in improving FMS and SPC and reducing sleep disturbances for children with DCD.

Yu, Sit, and Ha are with the Dept. of Sports Science and Physical Education, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. Burnett is with the School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, WA, Australia. Capio is with the Inst. of Human Performance, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. Huang is with the Dept. of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong.

Address author correspondence to Cindy Sit at sithp@cuhk.edu.hk