Predictors of Physical Activity for Preschool Children With and Without Disabilities From Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Settings

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The purpose of this study was to examine differences in motor competence, perceived motor competence (PMC), body mass index, and physical activity (PA) and to assess factors that predict PA behaviors of preschool children with and without disabilities. A total of 59 children with (n = 28) and without (n = 31) disabilities participated in the study. Results revealed that children with disabilities had significantly greater amounts of PA than peers without disabilities. There were no significant differences for motor competence, PMC, and body mass index for children with or without a disability. Although age and body mass index were controlled, both disability and PMC significantly predicted PA. Future intervention studies should consider maintaining high levels of PMC, as it is a significant predictor of PA.

The authors are with the Dept. of Physical Education, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Sacko is now with the Dept. of Health and Human Performance at the university.

Brian (brianali@mailbox.sc.edu) is corresponding author.
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