Improving Communication of Information About Physical Activity Opportunities for People With Disabilities

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
Restricted access

Purchase Article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year subscription

USD  $63.00

1 year subscription

USD  $84.00

Student 2 year subscription

USD  $119.00

2 year subscription

USD  $156.00

One significant barrier to physical activity (PA) for people with disabilities is the lack of access to PA information. The purpose of this study was to explore how access to PA information can be improved for people with disabilities, their carers, and PA-session facilitators. To investigate the flow of PA information within a communication network, principles derived from knowledge translation were used: information audiences, messengers, methods, and effectiveness. Participants included 48 people with disabilities (34 male and 14 female; mean age 30 years), 34 carers, and 12 session facilitators. Qualitative data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Results show how communication of PA information can be improved by indicating practical value in understanding individual motivations to PA participation, including credible messengers, using multiple delivery methods, and expanding information networks. Future steps are offered, including practical implications resulting from this study to improve PA information flow within a network.

The authors are with the School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Jaarsma (eva.jaarsma@gmail.com) is corresponding author.
  • Bouchard, C., & Shephard, R.J. (1994). Physical activity, fitness, and health: The model and key concepts. In C. Bouchard, R.J. Shephard, & T. Stephens (Eds.), Physical activity, fitness, and health: International proceedings and consensus statement (pp. 77–88). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Braun, V., Clarke, V., & Weate, P. (2016). Using thematic analysis in sport and exercise research. In B. Smith & A.C. Sparks (Eds.), Routledge handbook of qualitative research methods in sport and exercise (pp. 191–205). London, UK: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Carroll, D.D., Courtney-Long, E.A., Stevens, A.C., Sloan, M.L., Lullo, C., Visser, S.N., . . . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2014). Vital signs: Disability and physical activity—United States, 2009–2012. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 63(18), 407–413. PubMed ID: 24807240

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Faulkner, G., Gorczynski, P., Arbour, K.P., Letts, L., Wolfe, D.L., & Martin Ginis, K.A. (2010). Messengers and methods of disseminating health information among individuals with spinal cord injury. In T.C. Berkovsky (Ed.), Handbook of spinal cord injuries (pp. 349–374). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gainforth, H.L., Latimer-Cheung, A.E., Athanasopoulos, P., & Martin Ginis, K.A. (2013). Examining the effectiveness of a knowledge mobilization initiative for disseminating the physical activity guidelines for people with spinal cord injury. Disability and Health Journal, 6(3), 260–265. PubMed ID: 23769486 doi:10.1016/j.dhjo.2013.01.012

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gainforth, H.L., Latimer-Cheung, A.E., Athanasopoulos, P., Moore, S., & Ginis, K.A. (2014). The role of interpersonal communication in the process of knowledge mobilization within a community-based organization: A network analysis. Implementation Science, 9, 59. PubMed ID: 24886429 doi:10.1186/1748-5908-9-59

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Healthy People 2020. (2010). Chapter 33: Physical activity (PA). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hpdata2020/HP2020MCR-C33-PA.pdf

    • Export Citation
  • Hicks, A.L., Martin, K.A., Ditor, D.S., Latimer, A.E., Craven, C., Bugaresti, J., & McCartney, N. (2003). Long-term exercise training in persons with spinal cord injury: Effects on strength, arm ergometry performance and psychological well-being. Spinal Cord, 41(1), 34–43. PubMed ID: 12494319 doi:10.1038/sj.sc.3101389

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Holt, N.L., Camiré, M., Tamminen, K.A., Pankow, K., Pynn, S.R., Strachan, L., . . . Fraser-Thomas, J. (2018). PYDSportNET: A knowledge translation project bridging gaps between research and practice in youth sport. Journal of Sport Psychology in Action, 9(2), 132–146. doi:10.1080/21520704.20171388893

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jaarsma, E.A., Dijkstra, P.U., Geertzen, J.H., & Dekker, R. (2014). Barriers to and facilitators of sports participation for people with physical disabilities: A systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 24(6), 871–881. PubMed ID: 24730752 doi:10.1111/sms.12218

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kinne, S., Patrick, D.L., & Maher, E.J. (1999). Correlates of exercise maintenance among people with mobility impairments. Disability and Rehabilitation, 21(1), 15–22. PubMed ID: 10070599 doi:10.1080/096382899298052

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lavis, J.N., Robertson, D., Woodside, J.M., McLeod, C.B., Abelson, J., & Knowledge Transfer Study Group. (2003). How can research organizations more effectively transfer research knowledge to decision makers? The Milbank Quarterly, 81(2), 221–248, 171–172. PubMed ID: 12841049 doi:10.1111/1468-0009.t01-1-00052

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Letts, L., Martin Ginis, K.A., Faulkner, G., Colquhoun, H., Levac, D., & Gorczynski, P. (2011). Preferred methods and messengers for delivering physical activity information to people with spinal cord injury: A focus group study. Rehabilitation Psychology, 56(2), 128–137. doi:10.1037/a0023624.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Martin Ginis, K.A., Latimer, A.E., Arbour-Nicitopoulos, K.P., Buchholz, A.C., Bray, S.R., Craven, B.C., . . . Wolfe, D.L. (2010). Leisure time physical activity in a population-based sample of people with spinal cord injury part I: Demographic and injury-related correlates. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 91(5), 722–728. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2009.12.027

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Martin Ginis, K.A., Ma, J.K., Latimer-Cheung, A.E., & Rimmer, J.H. (2016). A systematic review of review articles addressing factors related to physical activity participation among children and adults with physical disabilities. Health Psychology Review, 10(4), 478–494. PubMed ID: 27265062 doi:10.1080/17437199.2016.1198240

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Reed, M.S. (2016). Chapter 1: Introduction. In The research impact handbook (pp. 1–14). Huntly, UK: Fast Track Impact.

  • Rimmer, J.H., Wang, E., & Smith, D. (2008). Barriers associated with exercise and community access for individuals with stroke. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 45(2), 315–322. PubMed ID: 18566948 doi:10.1682/JRRD.2007.02.0042

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rogers, E.M. (2003). Chapter 8: Opinion leadership and diffusion networks. In Diffusion of innovations (5th ed., pp. 300–361). London, UK: Free Press, Simon & Schuster.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Saebu, M., & Sørensen, M. (2011). Factors associated with physical activity among young adults with a disability. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 21(5), 730–738. PubMed ID: 20459465 doi:10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01097.x

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Scelza, W.M., Kalpakjian, C.Z., Zemper, E.D., & Tate, D.G. (2005). Perceived barriers to exercise in people with spinal cord injury. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation/Association of Academic Physiatrists, 84(8), 576–583.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, B. (2018). Generalizability in qualitative research: Misunderstandings, opportunities and recommendations for the sport and exercise sciences. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 10(1), 137–149. doi:10.1080/2159676X.2017.1393221

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, B., & McGannon, K.R. (2018). Developing rigor in qualitative research: Problems and opportunities within sport and exercise psychology. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11(1), 101–121. doi:10.1080/1750984X.20171317357

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sparkes, A.C., & Smith, B. (2014). Qualitative research methods in sport, exercise & health.From process to product (1st ed.). London, UK: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sport Birmingham. (2017). Birmingham inclusive sports festival. Retrieved from https://www.sportbirmingham.org/about-bisf

  • Sport England. (2016). Sport England: Towards an active nation. Strategy 2016–2021. Retrieved from https://www.sportengland.org/media/10629/sport-england-towards-an-active-nation.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sport England. (2017). Active lives survey 2015–2016. Year 1 report. Retrieved from https://www.sportengland.org/media/11498/active-lives-survey-yr-1-report.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Straus, S.E., Tetroe, J., & Graham, I.D. (2013). Section 1. Introduction. In Knowledge translation in health care: Moving from evidence to practice (2nd ed., pp. 1–23). Chichester, UK: Wiley. doi:10.1002/9781118413555

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tasiemski, T., Kennedy, P., Gardner, B.P., & Blaikley, R.A. (2004). Athletic identity and sports participation in people with spinal cord injury. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 21(4), 364–378. doi:10.1123/apaq.21.4.364

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tracy, S.J. (2010). Qualitative quality: Eight “Big-tent” criteria for excellent qualitative research. Qualitative Inquiry, 16(10), 837–851. doi:10.1177/1077800410383121

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Williams, T.L., Smith, B., & Papathomas, A. (2014). The barriers, benefits and facilitators of leisure time physical activity among people with spinal cord injury: A meta-synthesis of qualitative findings. Health Psychology Review, 8(4), 404–425. PubMed ID: 25211208 doi:10.1080/17437199.2014.898406

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Williams, T.L., Smith, B., & Papathomas, A. (2018). Physical activity promotion for people with spinal cord injury: Physiotherapists’ beliefs and actions. Disability and Rehabilitation, 40(1), 52–61. PubMed ID: 27917686 doi:10.1080/09638288.2016.1242176

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • World Health Organization. (2003). Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health. Retrieved from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/43035/1/9241592222_eng.pdf?ua=1

    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 280 280 39
Full Text Views 47 47 3
PDF Downloads 16 16 4