The Impact of Game Outcome on Affect of Military Wheelchair Basketball Players

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Participation in physical activity has been shown to improve components of psychological well-being (i.e., affect). Programs such as the Warrior Games have been designed to promote physical activity in wounded military personnel. However, sport competition typically yields a winner and a loser (i.e., game outcome). The experience of a win or a loss may affect how wounded athletes respond to game outcome. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the affective changes (positive affect, negative affect, tranquility, and fatigue) according to game outcome in a sample of wounded military wheelchair basketball players participating in a weekend tournament. The results indicated that the participants who experienced a win reported significantly higher positive affect and tranquility and significantly lower negative affect than those experiencing a loss. These findings have important implications for wounded veteran athletes, as well as coaches and administrative personnel.

Yeatts is with the Center for Research Design and Analysis; Davis, the School of Health Promotion and Kinesiology; and Oh, the Dept. of Kinesiology, Texas Woman’s University, Denton, TX. Hwang is with Fort Lewis College, Durango, CO.

Davis (RDavis4@twu.edu) is the corresponding author.
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