Socialization Experiences of First-Year Adapted Physical Education Teachers With a Master’s Degree

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
View More View Less
  • 1 Old Dominion University
Restricted access

Purchase Article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $64.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $86.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $122.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $162.00

The purpose of this study was to examine the meaning that first-year adapted physical education teachers with a master’s degree ascribed to their occupational socialization experiences. An interpretative phenomenological analysis research approach was used, and occupational socialization theory was adopted as the theoretical framework. Five teachers participated in this study. The sources of data were a semistructured focus group interview, semistructured one-to-one interviews, and reflective interview notes. Thematic development involved a three-step analysis process informed by the research approach. Three themes were constructed: (a) interactions with individuals with disabilities and activity experiences, (b) recruitment of adapted physical education teacher education students, and (c) graduate training and initial workplace experiences. The constructed themes provide unique insight into how teachers are socialized into adapted physical education and the meaning they ascribe to various socialization experiences, such as the limited impact that interactions with individuals with disabilities had on the decision to pursue this career.

The authors are with Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA.

Holland (sholl012@odu.edu) is corresponding author.
  • Akuffo, P.B., & Hodge, S.R. (2008). Roles and responsibilities of adapted physical education teachers in an urban school district. Education and Urban Society, 40(2), 243268. doi:10.1177/0013124507304132

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Blankenship, B.T., & Coleman, M.M. (2009). An examination of “wash-out” and workplace conditions of beginning physical education teachers. Physical Educator, 66, 97111.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cazers, G., & Curtner-Smith, M.D. (2017). Robin’s story: Life history of an exemplary American female physical education teacher. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 36, 197208. doi:10.1123/jtpe.2015-0084

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Curtner-Smith, M.D., Hastie, P., & Kinchin, G.D. (2008). Influence of occupational socialization on beginning teachers’ interpretation and delivery of sport education. Sport, Education and Society, 13(1), 97117. doi:10.1080/13573320701780779

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Deggs, D., Grover, K., & Kacirek, K. (2010). Expectations of adult graduate students in an online degree program. College Student Journal, 44(3), 690699.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dewar, A.M., & Lawson, H.A. (1984). The subjective warrant and recruitment into physical education. Quest, 36, 1525. doi:10.1080/00336297.1984.10483797

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Doolittle, S.A., Dodds, P., & Placek, J.H. (1993). Persistence of beliefs about teaching during formal training of preservice teachers. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 12, 355365. doi:10.1123/jtpe.12.4.355

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ensign, J., Woods, A.M., & Kulinna, P.H. (2018). Entering the field of physical education: The journey of fifteen first-year teachers. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 89(1), 6679. PubMed ID: 29261432 doi:10.1080/02701367.2017.1408951

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Flory, S.B., & McCaughtry, N. (2014). The influences of pre-professional socialization on early career physical educators. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 33(1), 93111. doi:10.1123/jtpe.2013-0089

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Goodwin, D.L., & Staples, K. (2005). The meaning of summer camp experiences to youths with disabilities. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 22, 159177. doi:10.1123/apaq.22.2.160

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Graber, K.C., Killian, C.M., & Woods, A.M. (2017). Professional socialization, teacher education programs, and dialectics. In K.A.R. Richards & K.L. Gaudreault (Eds.), Teacher socialization in physical education: New perspectives (pp. 6378). New York, NY: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Head, E. (2009). The ethics and implications of paying participants in qualitative research. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 12(4), 335344.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lambert, S.D., & Loiselle, C.G. (2008). Combing individual interviews and focus groups to enhance data richness. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62(2), 228237. PubMed ID: 18394035 doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04559.x

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lawson, H.A. (1983a). Toward a model of teacher socialization in physical education: Entry into schools, teachers’ role orientations and longevity in teaching (part 2). Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 5, 315. doi:10.1123/jtpe.3.1.3

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lawson, H.A. (1983b). Toward a model of teacher socialization in physical education: The subjective warrant, recruitment, and teacher education (part 1). Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2, 316. doi:10.1123/jtpe.2.3.3

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lawson, H.A. (1986). Occupational socialization and the design of teacher education programs. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 5, 107116. doi:10.1123/jtpe.5.2.107

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lawson, H.A. (1988). Occupational socialization, cultural studies, and the physical education curriculum. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 7, 265288. doi:10.1123/jtpe/7.4.265

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lieberman, L.J., & Houston-Wilson, C. (2011). Strategies for increasing the status and value of adapted physical education in schools. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 82(6), 2528. doi:10.1080/07303084.2011.10598641

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lortie, D.C. (1975). Schoolteacher: A sociological study. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  • Lytle, R.K., & Hutchinson, G.E. (2004). Adapted physical educators: The multiple roles of consultants. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 21(1), 3449. doi:10.1123/apaq.21.1.34

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Obrusnikova, I., & Kelly, L.E. (2009). Caseloads and job demographics of adapted physical educators in the United States. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 109(3), 737746. PubMed ID: 20178274 doi:10.2466/pms.109.3.737-746

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Park, C.W., & Curtner-Smith, M.D. (2018). Influence of occupational socialization on the perspectives and practices of adapted physical education teachers. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 35, 214232. PubMed ID: 29569461 doi:10.1123/apaq.2017-0051

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Richards, K.A.R., Levesque-Bristol, C., Templin, T.J., & Blankenship, B.T. (2014). Understanding differences in role stressors, resilience, and burnout in teacher/coaches and non-coaching teachers. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 33, 383402. doi:10.1123/jtpe.2013-0159

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Richards, K.A.R., Pennington, C.G., & Sinelnikov, S.A. (2019). Teacher socialization in physical education: A scoping review of literature. Kinesiology Review, 8(2), 8699. doi:10.1123/kr.2018-0003

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Richards, K.A.R., & Templin, T.J. (2019). Chapter 3: Recruitment and retention in PETE: Foundations in occupational socialization theory. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 38(1), 1421. doi:10.1123/jtpe.2018-0212

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Richards, K.A.R., Templin, T.J., & Graber, K. (2014). The socialization of teachers in physical education: Review and recommendations for future works. Kinesiology Review, 3, 113134. doi:10.1123/kr.2013-0006

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Richards, K.A.R., & Wilson, W.J. (2020). Recruitment and initial socialization into adapted physical education teacher education. European Physical Education Review, 26(1), 5469. doi:10.1177/1356336X18825278

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Richards, K.A.R., Wilson, W.J., Holland, S.K., & Haegele, J.A. (2020). The relationships among perceived organization support, resilience, perceived mattering, emotional exhaustion, and job satisfaction in adapted physical educators. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 37(1), 90111. doi:10.1123/apaq.2019-0053

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sato, T., & Haegele, J.A. (2017). Graduate students’ practicum experiences instructing students with severe and profound disabilities in physical education. European Physical Education Review, 23(2), 196211. doi:10.1177/1356336X16642717

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schempp, P.G., & Graber, K.C. (1992). Teacher socialization from a dialectical perspective: Pretraining through induction. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 11, 329348. doi:10.1123/jtpe.11.4.329

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, B., & Sparkes, A.C. (2017). Interviews. In B. Smith & A.C. Sparkes (Eds.), Routledge handbook of qualitative research in sport and exercise (pp. 103123). London, UK: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, J., Flowers, P., & Larkin, M. (2009). Interpretive phenomenological analysis: Theory, method, and research. London, UK: Sage.

  • Smith, J., Jarman, M., & Osborn, M. (1999). Doing interpretative phenomenological analysis. In M. Murray & K. Chamberlain (Eds.), Qualitative health psychology (pp. 218240). London, UK: Sage.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, J., & Osborn, M. (2008). Interpretative phenomenological analysis. In J.A. Smith (Ed.), Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to research methods (pp. 5380). London, UK: Sage.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, J.A. (2018). Interpretative phenomenological analysis in sport and exercise. In B. Smith & A.C. Sparkes (Eds.), Routledge handbook of qualitative research in sport and exercise (pp. 219229). New York, NY: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stroot, S.A., & Ko, B. (2006). Induction of beginning physical education teachers into the school setting. In D. Kirk, D. Macdonald, & M. O’Sullivan (Eds.), The handbook of physical education (pp. 425448). London, UK: Sage Publications.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Templin, T.J., Graber, K., & Richards, K.A.R. (2019). Chapter 9: Will PETE survive in the 21st century? Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 38(1), 6874. doi:10.1123/jtpe.2018-0015

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Templin, T.J., Padaruth, S., Sparkes, A.C., & Schempp, P.G. (2017). A historical overview of teacher socialization in physical education. In K.A.R. Richards & K.L. Gaudreault (Eds.), Teacher socialization in physical education (pp. 1129). New York, NY: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Van Maanen, J., & Schein, E. (1979). Toward a theory of organizational socialization. Research in Organizational Behavior, 1, 209264. doi:10.1.1.475.8533

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Walker, S., Read, S., & Priest, H. (2013). Use of reflexivity in a mixed-methods study. Nurse Researcher, 20(3), 3843. PubMed ID: 23346778

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Webb, D., & Hodge, S.R. (2003). Factors that influence career choice of African American students to enter the adapted physical education profession. Physical Educator, 60(3), 134149.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Williams, S., Clausen, M.G., Robertson, A., Peacock, S., & McPherson, K. (2012). Methodological reflections on the use of asynchronous online focus groups in health research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 11(4), 368383. doi:10.1177/160940691201100405

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wilson, W.J., & Richards, K.A.R. (2019). Socialization of preservice adapted physical educators: Influence of teacher education. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 36(4), 472491. doi:10.1123/apaq.2018-0198

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wilson, W.J., Richards, K.A.R., & Kelly, L.E. (2017). The socialization of adapted physical educators: What is known and future directions. Palaestra, 31(4), 2631.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Yardley, L. (2000). Dilemmas in qualitative health research. Psychology & Health, 15, 215228. doi:10.1080/08870440008400302

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1128 1015 78
Full Text Views 41 24 0
PDF Downloads 30 20 0