Validity of Two Wheelchair-Mounted Devices for Estimating Wheelchair Speed and Distance Traveled

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
View More View Less
  • 1 University of Queensland
  • | 2 Satakunta University of Applied Sciences
  • | 3 Griffith University
  • | 4 Queensland University of Technology
Restricted access

Purchase Article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $64.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $86.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $122.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $162.00

This study evaluated the validity of two wheelchair-mounted devices—the Cateye® and Wheeler—for monitoring wheelchair speed and distance traveled. Speed estimates were validated against a calibrated treadmill at speeds from 1.5 to 10 km/hr. Twenty-five wheelchair users completed a course of known distance comprising a sequence of everyday wheelchair activities. Speed estimate validity was very good (mean absolute percentage error ≤ 5%) for the Wheeleri at all speeds and for the Cateye at speeds >3 km/hr but not speeds <3 km/hr (mean absolute percentage error > 20%). Wheeleri distance estimates were good (mean absolute percentage error < 10%) for linear pushing activities and general maneuvering but poor for confined-space maneuvering. Cateye estimates were good for continuous linear propulsion but poor for discontinuous pushing and maneuvering (both general and confined space). Both devices provided valid estimates of speed and distance for typical wheelchair-based exercise activities. However, the Wheeleri provided more accurate estimates of speed and distance during typical everyday wheelchair activities.

Karinharju, Gomersall, and Tweedy are with the School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, and Gomersall and Yeo, the School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD, Australia. Karinharju is also with the Satakunta University of Applied Sciences, Pori, Finland. Clanchy is with the School of Allied Health Sciences and Menzies Health Inst. Queensland, Griffith University, Southport, QLD, Australia. Trost is with the Inst. of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland Centre for Children’s Health Research, Queensland University of Technology, South Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Karinharju (kati.karinharju@samk.fi) is corresponding author.
  • 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee. (2018). 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee scientific report. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. https://health.gov/sites/default/files/2019-09/PAG_Advisory_Committee_Report.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ainsworth, B., Cahalin, L., Buman, M., & Ross, R. (2015). The current state of physical activity assessment tools. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, 57(4), 387395. PubMed ID: 25446555 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcad.2014.10.005

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Carroll, D.D., Courtney-Long, E.A., Stevens, A.C., Sloan, M.L., Lullo, C., Visser, S.N., … Dorn, J.M. (2014). Vital signs: Disability and physical activity—United States, 2009–2012. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 63(18), 407413. PubMed ID: 24807240

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cateye. (2019). Cateye Wireless Strada. https://www.cateye.com/intl/support/manual/data/doc/CC-RD310W-SPD01_HP_ENG_v7.pdf

  • Exercise and Sport Science Australia. (2011). Adult pre-exercise screening system (APSS) screening tool. https://www.essa.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/Screen-tool-version-v1.1.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fliess-Douer, O., Vanlandewijck, Y.C., Lubel Manor, G., & Van Der Woude, L.H. (2010). A systematic review of wheelchair skills tests for manual wheelchair users with a spinal cord injury: Towards a standardized outcome measure. Clinical Rehabilitation, 24(10), 867886. PubMed ID: 20554638 https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215510367981

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gendle, S.C., Richardson, M., Leeper, J., Hardin, L.B., Green, J.M., & Bishop, P.A. (2012). Wheelchair-mounted accelerometers for measurement of physical activity. Disability and Rehabilitation Assistive Technology, 7(2), 139148. PubMed ID: 21967443 https://doi.org/10.3109/17483107.2011.613521

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hiremath, S.V., Ding, D., & Cooper, R.A. (2013). Development and evaluation of a gyroscope-based wheel rotation monitor for manual wheelchair users. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 36(4), 347356. PubMed ID: 23820150 https://doi.org/10.1179/2045772313y.0000000113

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jorgensen, S., Martin Ginis, K.A., & Lexell, J. (2017). Leisure time physical activity among older adults with long-term spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 55(9), 848856. PubMed ID: 28322241 https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2017.26

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lemay, V., Routhier, F., Noreau, L., Phang, S.H., & Ginis, K.A. (2012). Relationships between wheelchair skills, wheelchair mobility and level of injury in individuals with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 50(1), 3741. PubMed ID: 21931330 https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2011.98

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Levy, C.E., Buman, M.P., Chow, J.W., Tillman, M.D., Fournier, K.A., & Giacobbi, P. (2010). Use of power assist wheels results in increased distance traveled compared with conventional manual wheeling. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 89(8), 625634. PubMed ID: 20647780 https://doi.org/10.1097/phm.0b013e3181e72286

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Litchke, L.G., Russian, C.J., Lloyd, L.K., Schmidt, E.A., Price, L., & Walker, J.L. (2008). Effects of respiratory resistance training with a concurrent flow device on wheelchair athletes. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 31(1), 6571. PubMed ID: 18533414 https://doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2008.11753983

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Makridakis, S. (1993). Accuracy measures: Theoretical and practical concerns. International Journal of Forecasting, 9(4), 527529. https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-2070(93)90079-3

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Miller, L.E., & Herbert, W. (2016). Health and economic benefits of physical activity for patients with spinal cord injury. ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research, 8, 551558. PubMed ID: 27757043 https://doi.org/10.2147/ceor.s115103

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nightingale, T.E., Rouse, P.C., Thompson, D., & Bilzon, J.L.J. (2017). Measurement of physical activity and energy expenditure in wheelchair users: Methods, considerations and future directions. Sports Medicine Open, 3(1), 10. PubMed ID: 28251597 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-017-0077-0

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Popp, W.L., Brogioli, M., Leuenberger, K., Albisser, U., Frotzler, A., Curt, A., … Starkey, M.L. (2016). A novel algorithm for detecting active propulsion in wheelchair users following spinal cord injury. Medical Engineering & Physics, 38(3), 267274. PubMed ID: 26868046 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2015.12.011

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Public Health England. (2018). Physical activity for general health benefits in disabled adults: Summary of a rapid evidence review for the UK Chief Medical Officers’ update of the physical activity guidelines. Author. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/748126/Physical_activity_for_general_health_benefits_in_disabled_adults.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rocchi, M., Routhier, F., Latimer-Cheung, A.E., Ginis, K.A.M., Noreau, L., & Sweet, S.N. (2017). Are adults with spinal cord injury meeting the spinal cord injury-specific physical activity guidelines? A look at a sample from a Canadian province. Spinal Cord, 55(5), 454459. PubMed ID: 28139660 https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.2016.181

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sindall, P., Lenton, J.P., Whytock, K., Tolfrey, K., Oyster, M.L., Cooper, R.A., & Goosey-Tolfrey, V.L. (2013). Criterion validity and accuracy of global positioning satellite and data logging devices for wheelchair tennis court movement. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 36(4), 383393. PubMed ID: 23820154 https://doi.org/10.1179/2045772312y.0000000068

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smithson, M. (2003). Confidence intervals: SAGE.

  • Sonenblum, S.E., Sprigle, S., Caspall, J., & Lopez, R. (2012). Validation of an accelerometer-based method to measure the use of manual wheelchairs. Medical Engineering & Physics, 34(6), 781786. PubMed ID: 22698978 :https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2012.05.009

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sonenblum, S.E., Sprigle, S., & Lopez, R.A. (2012). Manual wheelchair use: Bouts of mobility in everyday life. Rehabilitation Research and Practice, 2012, 753165. PubMed ID: 22848837 https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/753165

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tsang, K., Hiremath, S.V., Crytzer, T.M., Dicianno, B., & Ding, D. (2016). Validity of activity monitors in wheelchair users: A systematic review. The Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 53(6), 641657. PubMed ID: 27997674 https://doi.org/10.1682/jrrd.2016.01.0006

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tweedy, S.M., Beckman, E.M., Geraghty, T.J., Theisen, D., Perret, C., Harvey, L.A., & Vanlandewijck, Y.C. (2017). Exercise and sports science Australia (ESSA) position statement on exercise and spinal cord injury. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 20(2), 108115. PubMed ID: 27185457 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2016.02.001

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • van Den Berg-Emons, R.J., Bussmann, J.B., Haisma, J.A., Sluis, T.A., van Der Woude, L.H., Bergen, M.P., & Stam, H.J. (2008). A prospective study on physical activity levels after spinal cord injury during inpatient rehabilitation and the year after discharge. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 89(11), 20942101. PubMed ID: 18996237 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2008.04.024

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • van der Slikke, R.M.A., Berger, M.A.M., Bregman, D.J.J., Lagerberg, A.H., & Veeger, H.E.J. (2015). Opportunities for measuring wheelchair kinematics in match settings reliability of a three inertial sensor configuration. Journal of Biomechanics, 48(12), 33983405. PubMed ID: 26141162 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.06.001

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • van der Slikke, R.M.A., Mason, B.S., Berger, M.A.M., & Goosey-Tolfrey, V.L. (2017). Speed profiles in wheelchair court sports comparison of two methods for measuring wheelchair mobility performance. Journal of Biomechanics, 65, 221225. PubMed ID: 29132727 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.10.040

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vik, L., Lannem, A., Rak, B., & Stensrud, T. (2017). Health status of regularly physically active persons with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord Series and Cases, 3(1), 110. PubMed ID: 29423302 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41394-017-0033-8

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wheeleri. (2018). Wheeleri: Wheel the movement. www.wheeleri.fi/

  • Wilson, S.K., Hasler, J.P., Dall, P.M., & Granat, M.H. (2008). Objective assessment of mobility of the spinal cord injured in a free-living environment. Spinal Cord, 46(5), 352357. PubMed ID: 18071355 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.sc.3102153

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • World Health Organization. (2008). Guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less resourced settings (ISBN 978 92 4 154748 2 (NLM classification: WB 320)). http://www.who.int/disabilities/publications/technology/English%20Wheelchair%20Guidelines%20(EN%20for%20the%20web).pdf?ua=1

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 126 126 120
Full Text Views 10 10 8
PDF Downloads 9 9 8