Associations Between Perceived Social Support, Perceived Competence, and Physical Activity in Hong Kong Children With Disabilities During the COVID-19 Pandemic

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly

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Ming Hui LiDepartment of Sports Science and Physical Education, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China

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Jane Jie YuDepartment of Sport and Exercise Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

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Stephen Heung Sang WongDepartment of Sports Science and Physical Education, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China

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Raymond Kim Wai SumDepartment of Sports Science and Physical Education, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China

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Cindy Hui Ping SitDepartment of Sports Science and Physical Education, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China

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This study aimed to examine the associations between perceived social support, perceived competence, and physical activity in children with physical and intellectual disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. During the third wave of the pandemic in Hong Kong (i.e., July through December 2020), 291 participants age 6–17 years from 27 special schools were included. After controlling for demographic variables, the total variance explained by perceived social support and perceived competence was 24%, F(2, 240) = 12.42, p < .001, with perceived competence having a stronger association with physical activity (β = 0.29, p < .001) than perceived social support (β = 0.07, p = .22). This study highlights two key facilitators for shaping physical activity involvement among children with disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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