Experience, Expertise, and Teaching Effectiveness with Mainstreamed and Nondisabled Children in Physical Education

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
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Teaching effectiveness with elementary level mainstreamed and nondisabled children was analyzed from the perspective of teacher experience and expertise. There were three analyses: (a) experienced (12.6 yrs) versus less experienced (2.3 yrs) teachers, n=10 each, (b) expert (met 4 of 5 criteria) versus nonexpert (met no criteria) teachers, n=5 each, and (c) expert (met 4 of 5 criteria) versus experienced (no criteria, similar experience) teachers, n=4 each. Classes were matched on activities. Teaching effectiveness was evaluated by analysis of how the teacher allocated class time and how time was spent by the student. Specifically, motor appropriate, on- and off-task data were collected on one mainstreamed and one nondisabled student from each class. Results indicated that teacher behavior differed little as a function of either experience or expertise. Mainstreamed students were significantly less motor appropriate and more off-task than nondisabled students, and neither experience nor expertise significantly altered those differences. The results imply that greater teacher experience or expertise does not necessarily translate into improvements of teacher and student behavior, and simple placement of mainstreamed students with teachers with more experience or expertise may not necessarily be beneficial.

Vogler is with the Dept. of HPERD at Illinois State University, Normal–Bloomington, IL 61761-6901. Van der Mars and Cusimano are with the Dept. of Exercise & Sport Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331. Darst is with the Dept. of Exercise Science & Physical Education, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287.