Supplementation and Performance for Wheelchair Athletes: A Systematic Review

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
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  • 1 Laboratory of Adapted Physical Activity, Federal University of Pará, Belém, Brazil
  • | 2 Faculty of Physical Education, University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
  • | 3 Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
  • | 4 Center for Studies in Food and Nutrition, Hospital de Clínicas, Porto Alegre, Brazil
  • | 5 Brazilian Paralympic Academy, São Paulo, Brazil
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This systematic review aimed to identify nutritional interventions and supplements that improve the performance for wheelchair athletes. Intervention trials involving high-performance wheelchair athletes were analyzed, including those that comprised a nutritional intervention, defined as any intervention related to food, beverages, and supplementation aiming at evaluating the performance of wheelchair athletes. Of the included studies, four evaluated caffeine supplementation, of which one also evaluated sodium citrate supplementation; two studies evaluated vitamin D supplementation; one study assessed creatine monohydrate supplementation; and one assessed carbohydrate supplementation. Most studies were conducted on athletes with spinal cord injury. Athletes who consumed caffeine exhibited an improvement in performance, but this finding is not strong enough to become a recommendation.

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