Accessible Guide for People With Intellectual Disabilities in a Fitness Environment: A Delphi Study

in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly

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San HongDepartment of Physical Education, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

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Jieun YangDepartment of Physical Education, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

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Donghyun KimDepartment of Physical Education, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

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Yongho LeeDepartment of Physical Education, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

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The purpose of this study was to draw consensus among an expert panel regarding essential elements of an accessible fitness center guide for people with intellectual disabilities that will enable them to engage in physical activity fully and effectively. The study was situated in the socioecological model of disability. Researchers drew expert consensus regarding the essential features of accessible guides in fitness environments. A three-round Delphi procedure was used, involving repeated circulation of the questionnaire to an expert panel (N = 33). The panel was asked to rate the importance and adequacy of 66 items regarding the accessible fitness guide. A consensus was reached regarding 43 items after three rounds. The items include 7 body-weight exercises, 2 machine exercises, 12 environment-related items, 15 exercise preparations, 4 social etiquettes, and 3 emergencies.

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