Facilitating Sports and University Study: The Case of a Dual Career Development Environment in Sweden

in Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology
View More View Less
  • 1 Halmstad University
  • 2 University of Southern Denmark
Restricted access

Purchase case

USD  $9.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $40.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $53.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $76.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $101.00

This case study of a dual career development environment (DCDE) was informed by the holistic ecological approach (HEA) and aimed at (a) providing a holistic description of a DCDE at university level in Sweden and (b) investigating the perceived factors influencing the environment’s effectiveness in facilitating the development of student-athletes. The authors blended in situ observations, interviews, and document analysis to explore the case, and HEA-informed working models were transformed into empirical models summarizing the case. Findings show a well-coordinated DCDE with the key role of coaches in daily dual career support and how efforts were integrated through a dual career-support team sharing a philosophy of facilitating healthy performance development and life balance, with a whole-person and empowerment approach. This study adds to the literature by identifying features of a successful DCDE, and insights from the case can be useful for practitioners in their quest to optimize their DCDEs and support.

Linnér and Stambulova are with the School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden. Storm, Kuettel, and Henriksen are with the Inst. of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Linnér (lukas.linner@hh.se) is corresponding author.
  • Aquilina, D. (2013). A study of the relationship between elite athletes’ educational development and sporting performance. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 30(4), 374392. doi:10.1080/09523367.2013.765723

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bergen, N., & Labonté, R. (2020). “Everything is perfect, and we have no problems”: Detecting and limiting social desirability bias in qualitative research. Qualitative Health Research, 30(5), 783792. PubMed ID: 31830860 doi:10.1177/1049732319889354

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Birt, L., Scott, S., Cavers, D., Campbell, C., & Walter, F. (2016). Member checking: A tool to enhance trustworthiness or merely a nod to validation? Qualitative Health Research, 26(13), 18021811. PubMed ID: 27340178 doi:10.1177/1049732316654870

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2019). Reflecting on reflexive thematic analysis. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 11(4), 589597. doi:10.1080/2159676X.2019.1628806

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Braun, V., Clarke, V., & Weate, P. (2016). Using thematic analysis in sport and exercise research. In B. Smith & A.C. Sparkes (Eds.), Routledge handbook of qualitative research in sport and exercise (pp. 191205). London, United Kingdom: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Brown, D.J., Fletcher, D., Henry, I., Borrie, A., Emmett, J., Buzza, A., … Wombwell, S. (2015). A British university case study of the transitional experiences of student-athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 21, 7890. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.04.002

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cosh, S., & Tully, P.J. (2015). Stressors, coping, and support mechanisms for student-athletes combining elite sport and tertiary education: Implications for practice. The Sport Psychologist, 29(2), 120133. doi:10.1123/tsp.2014-0102

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cotterill, S.T., Schinke, R.J., & Thelwell, R. (2016). Writing manuscripts for case studies in sport and exercise psychology. Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1(1), 13. doi:10.1123/cssep.2016-0009

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • De Brandt, K., Wylleman, P., Torregrossa, M., Schipper-van Veldhoven, N., Minelli, D., Defruyt, S., … De Knop, P. (2018). Exploring the factor structure of the dual career competency questionnaire for athletes in european pupil- and student-athletes. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/1612197x.2018.1511619

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Defruyt, S. (2019). Dual career support providers: Competencies, support strategies and education (Doctoral thesis). Brussels, Belgium: Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Movement and Sport Sciences.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • European Commission. (2012). EU guidelines on dual careers of athletes: Recommended policy actions in support of dual careers in high performance sport. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/sport/library/documents/dual-careerguidelines-final_en.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Henriksen, K. (2010). The ecology of talent development in sport (Doctoral thesis). Odense, Denmark: Institute of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Henriksen, K., & Stambulova, N.. (2017). Creating optimal environments for talent development. A holistic ecological approach. In J. Baker, S. Cobley, J. Schorer, & N. Wattie (Eds.), Routledge handbook of talent identification and development in sport (pp. 271284). London, UK: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Henriksen, K., Stambulova, N., & Roessler, K.K. (2011). Riding the wave of an expert: A successful talent development environment in kayaking. The Sport Psychologist, 25(3), 341362. doi:10.1123/tsp.25.3.341

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Henriksen, K., Storm, K.L., Kuettel, A., Linnér, L., & Stambulova, N. (2020). A holistic ecological approach to sport and study: The case of an athlete friendly university in Denmark. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 47, 101637. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.101637

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hodge, K., & Sharp, L.-A. (2016). Case studies. In B. Smith, & A.C. Sparkes (Eds.), Routledge handbook of qualitative research in sport and exercise (pp. 6274). London, UK: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Knight, C.J., Harwood, C.G., & Sellars, P.A. (2018). Supporting adolescent athletes’ dual careers: The role of an athlete’s social support network. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 38, 137147. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.06.007

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kuettel, A., Christensen, M.K., Zysko, J., & Hansen, J. (2020). A cross-cultural comparison of dual career environments for elite athletes in Switzerland, Denmark, and Poland. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 18(4), 454471. doi:10.1080/1612197X.2018.1553889

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Larsen, C.H., Alfermann, D., Henriksen, K., & Christensen, M.K. (2013). Successful talent development in soccer: The characteristics of the environment. Sport, Exercise and Performance Psychology, 2(3), 190206. doi:10.1037/a0031958

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Linnér, L., Stambulova, N., & Henriksen, K. (2017). Holistic approach to understanding a dual career environment at a Swedish university. In S. Gangyan, J. Cruz, & J.C. Jaenes (Eds.), Sport psychology: Linking theory to practice: Proceedings of the 14th ISSP World Congress of Sport Psychology (pp. 243244). Seville, Spain: ISSP.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mathorne, O., Henriksen, K., & Stambulova, N. (2020). An “Organizational triangle” to coordinate talent development: A case study in Danish swimming. Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology, 4(1), 1120. doi:10.1123/cssep.2019-0017

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McGannon, K.R., Smith, B., Kendellen, K., & Gonsalves, C.A. (2019). Qualitative research in six sport and exercise psychology journals between 2010 and 2017: An updated and expanded review of trends and interpretations. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/1612197X.2019.1655779

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Morris, R., Cartigny, E., Ryba, T., Wylleman, P., Henriksen, K., Torregrossa, M., … Cecić Erpič, S. (2020). A taxonomy of dual career development environments in European countries. European Sport Management Quarterly. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/16184742.2020.1725778

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pink, M., Saunders, J., & Stynes, J. (2015). Reconciling the maintenance of on-field success with off-field player development: A case study of a club culture within the Australian football league. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 21, 98108. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.11.009

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ronkainen, N.J., Ryba, T., Littlewood, M., & Selänne, H. (2018) ‘School, family and then hockey!’ Coaches’ views on dual career in ice hockey. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 13(1), 3845. doi:10.1177/1747954117712190

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, B., & Sparkes, A.C. (2016). Interviews: qualitative interviewing in the sport and exercise sciences. In B. Smith, & A.C. Sparkes (Eds.), Routledge handbook of qualitative research in sport and exercise (pp. 103123). London, UK: Routledge.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, B., Sparkes, A.C., Phoenix, C., & Kirkby, J. (2012). Qualitative research in physical therapy: A critical discussion on mixed-method research. Physical Therapy Reviews, 17(6), 374381. doi:10.1179/1743288X12Y.0000000030

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stambulova, N., Engström, C., Franck, A., Linnér, L., & Lindahl, K. (2015). Searching for an optimal balance: Dual career experiences of Swedish adolescent athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 21, 414. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.08.009

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stambulova, N., Ryba, T., & Henriksen, K. (2020). Career development and transitions of athletes: The International Society of Sport Psychology position stand revisited. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/1612197X.2020.1737836

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stambulova, N., & Wylleman, P. (2019). Psychology of athletes’ dual careers: A state-of the art critical review of the European discourse. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 42, 7488. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.11.013

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Swedish Sports Confederation. (2018). Swedish National Guidelines for elite athletes’ dual careers. Recommended actions for the combination of high-performance sports and university education at Swedish National Sports Universities (RIUs) and Elite Sports-Friendly Universities (EVLs). Stockholm, Sweden: Author.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Thorpe, H., & Olive, R. (2016). Conducting observations in sport and exercise settings. In B. Smith, & A.C. Sparkes (Eds.), Routledge handbook of qualitative research in sport and exercise (pp. 124138). London, UK: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Yin, R.K. (2009). Case study research: Design and methods (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 842 842 52
Full Text Views 26 26 2
PDF Downloads 13 13 2