This case explores the complex multi-layered governance structure in the international Olympic sport of gymnastics, describing in detail the governance structures and operations of each layer – the International Olympic Committee (IOC), Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG), which is the international federation for gymnastics, and the national governing bodies (NGB) of gymnastics in the United States and Australia, USA Gymnastics and Gymnastics Australia. While both NGBs highlighted in this case are deemed to be successful on an international level, the case reveals many subtle differences between the two, which can be discussed in both governance and organizational behavior contexts. Finally, the timely issue of age fraud in gymnastics and the response from each level of governance are presented and provide an opportunity for further in-depth discussion.
Andrea N. Eagleman is an assistant professor of sport management at Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN. Adam Harg is a lecturer in the sport management program at Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Ryan M. Rodenberg is an assistant professor of sports law analytics at Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida.