Extension Neck Injury in Female DanceSport Competitors

in International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training
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The female dancer’s technique in DanceSport involves keeping the upper body and head poised in extension and left rotation. Attempting to maintain this position while dancing can lead to an extension neck injury (ENI).


The aim of this online survey was to discover the prevalence of ENI among female ballroom dancers.

Design and Participants:

Female DanceSport competitors (N = 127) completed an online survey.


Twenty-fve percent reported having ENI, and 68% of ENI occurred at competitions. Younger dancers (mean age = 20 ± 4.8 years) were significantly (p < .003) more likely to have ENI than older dancers (mean age = 34 ± 12.9 years).


ENI is prevalent in DanceSport competitors. Dance medicine professionals should consider this when designing injury prevention programs.

Teri Riding McCabe is an Adjunct Professor with the Dance Medicine Training Facility at Brigham Young University, Provo, UT.

Jatin P. Ambegaonkar is an Associate Professor at the Sports Medicine Assessment Research and Testing Laboratory at George Mason University, Manassas, VA.

Matthew Wyon is a Professor in Dance Science at the University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, UK.

Emma Redding is the Head of Dance Science and Acting Head of Taught Postgraduate Studies at Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance, Creekside, London, UK.