Development of a Self-Efficacy Scale in General Medical Condition Assessment and Diagnosis

in International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training
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Self-efficacy shares a causal relationship with performance. Few studies have examined self-efficacy in relationship to athletic training and instead limit themselves to areas focused on the musculoskeletal system. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a scale for measuring athletic trainer self-efficacy in the assessment and diagnosis of medical conditions and illness. A principal component analysis yielded 19 items that loaded on three factors. The analysis resulted in acceptable levels of correlation (KMO = .93; Bartlett x2 = 2152.58, df = 171, p < .001) and internal consistency (α = .943). This scale demonstrates both validity and reliability.

Groh is the coordinator of clinical education and assistant professor for the Master of Science in Athletic Training program, High Point University, High Point, NC. Hundt is a professor and chair for the Department of Psychology, High Point University, High Point, NC.

Groh (ngroh@highpoint.edu) is corresponding author.
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