The Immediate Effects of Instrumented-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization on Range of Motion, Strength, and Power in the Lower Extremity: A Critically Appraised Topic

in International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training
Moni Syeda MS, CSCS, CES*,1, Jason Bartholomew MS*,1, Shayane Santiago MS*,1, Jeff Peterson MS, MA, CES, PES*,1, Russell T. Baker PhD, DAT, ATC, CMP, PRT-c®*,1, and Scott W. Cheatham PhD, DPT, PT, AT*,2
View More View Less
  • 1 University of Idaho
  • | 2 California State University Dominguez Hills
Restricted access

Focused Clinical Question: What are the immediate effects of instrumented-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) application on measures of lower extremity range of motion, muscular power, and strength in physically active adults not currently suffering from a musculoskeletal injury? Clinical Bottom Line: Grade 1 evidence supports immediate improvements in lower extremity range of motion in physically active adults after IASTM application. However, the evidence is lacking to support IASTM to improve muscular power and strength. Therefore, additional research is warranted to determine the acute effects of IASTM use on muscular power and strength in healthy, physically active adults.

Syeda, Bartholomew, Santiago, Peterson, and Baker are with the University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, USA. Cheatham is with California State University Dominguez Hills, Carson, CA, USA.

Baker (russellb@uidaho.edu) is corresponding author.
  • 1.

    Baker RT, Nasypany A, Seegmiller JG, Baker JG. Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization treatment for tissue extensibility dysfunction. Int J Athl Ther Train. 2013;18(5):1621. doi:10.1123/ijatt.18.5.16

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Cheatham SW, Lee M, Cain M, Baker R. The efficacy of instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization: A systematic review. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2016;60(3):200211. PubMed ID: 27713575

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Rowlett CA, Hanney WJ, Pabian PS, Mcarthur JH, Rothschild CE, Kolber MJ. Efficacy of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization in comparison to gastrocnemius-soleus stretching for dorsiflexion range of motion: A randomized controlled trial. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2018;23(2):233240. PubMed ID: 31103101 doi:10.1016/j.jbmt.2018.02.008

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Markovic G. Acute effects of instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization vs. foam rolling on knee and hip range of motion in soccer players. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2015;19(4):690696. PubMed ID: 26592226 doi:10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.04.010

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Kim J, Sung DJ, Lee J. Therapeutic effectiveness of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization for soft tissue injury: Mechanisms and practical application. J Exerc Rehabil. 2017;13(1):1222. PubMed ID: 28349028 doi:10.12965/jer.1732824.412

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Stanek J, Sullivan T, Davis S. Comparison of compressive myofascial release and the Graston Technique for improving ankle-dorsiflexion range of motion. J Athl Train. 2018;53(2):160167. PubMed ID: 29373060 doi:10.4085/1062-6050-386-16

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    MacDonald N, Baker R, Cheatham SW. The effects of instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization on lower extremity muscle performance: A randomized controlled trial. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2016;11(7):10401047. PubMed ID: 27999718

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Kim D-H, Lee JJ, You JH. Effects of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization technique on strength, knee joint passive stiffness, and pain threshold in hamstring shortness. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2018;31(6):11691176. PubMed ID: 30040707 doi:10.3233/BMR-170854

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Howick J, Chalmers I, Glasziou P, et al. The Oxford 2011 Levels of Evidence website. May 1, 2016. http://www.cebm.net/index.aspx?o=5653. Accessed November 17, 2019.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    PEDro scale (English). PEDro website. June 21, 1999. https://www.pedro.org.au/english/downloads/pedro-scale/. Accessed November 17, 2019.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1614 737 91
Full Text Views 260 59 1
PDF Downloads 191 75 1