The Role of Structured Foam Rolling Programs in Improving Hamstring Flexibility: A Critically Appraised Topic

in International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training
View More View Less
  • 1 Florida International University
  • | 2 University of West Florida
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $76.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $101.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $144.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $192.00

Focused Clinical Question: What is the efficacy of structured foam rolling protocols at increasing hamstring muscle flexibility in active adults when compared with just maintaining regular levels of activity? Clinical Bottom Line: There is significant evidence to support the use of structured foam rolling programs in active adults to improve hamstring flexibility.

Khan is with Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA. Henderson is with Movement Sciences and Health, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL, USA.

Khan (Ikhan018@med.fiu.edu) is corresponding author.
  • 1.

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. FastStats—Exercise or Physical Activity. January 20, 2017. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/exercise.htm.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    United States Census Bureau. U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/US/PST045218#PST045218.

  • 3.

    García-Pinillos F, Ruiz-Ariza A, Castillo RMD, Latorre-Román . Impact of limited hamstring flexibility on vertical jump, kicking speed, sprint, and agility in young football players. J Sports Sci. 2015;33(12):12931297. PubMed ID: 25761523 doi:10.1080/02640414.2015.1022577

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Wan X, Qu F, Garrett WE, Liu H, Yu B. The effect of hamstring flexibility on peak hamstring muscle strain in sprinting. J Sport Health Sci. 2017;6(3):283289. PubMed ID: 30356628 doi:10.1016/j.jshs.2017.03.012

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Halbertsma JP, Göeken LN, Hof AL, Groothoff JW, Eisma WH. Extensibility and stiffness of the hamstrings in patients with non-specific low back pain. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001;82(2):232238. PubMed ID: 11239316 doi:10.1053/apmr.2001.19786

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Halabchi F, Mazaheri R, Seif-Barghi T. Patellofemoral pain syndrome and modifiable intrinsic risk factors; how to assess and address? Asian J Sports Med. 2013;4(2):85100. PubMed ID: 23802050 doi:10.5812/asjsm.34488

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Bolívar YA, Munuera PV, Padillo JP. Relationship between tightness of the posterior muscles of the lower limb and plantar fasciitis. Foot Ankle Int. 2013;34(1):4248. PubMed ID: 23386760 doi:10.1177/1071100712459173

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Labovitz JM, Yu J, Kim C. The role of hamstring tightness in plantar fasciitis. Foot Ankle Spec. 2011;4(3):141144. PubMed ID: 21368068 doi:10.1177/1938640010397341

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Nakase J, Goshima K, Numata H, et al. . Precise risk factors for Osgood–Schlatter disease. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2015;135(9):12771281. PubMed ID: 26133498 doi:10.1007/s00402-015-2270-2

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Ladenhauf HN, Seitlinger G, Green DW. Osgood–Schlatter disease. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2020;32(1):107112. PubMed ID: 31714260 doi:10.1097/MOP.0000000000000842

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Junker DH, Stöggl TL. The foam roll as a tool to improve hamstring flexibility. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29(12):34803485. PubMed ID: 25992660 doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001007

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Junker D, Stöggl T. The training effects of foam rolling on core strength endurance, balance, muscle performance and range of motion: a randomized controlled trial. J Sports Sci Med. 2019;18(2):229238. PubMed ID: 31191092

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Guillot A, Kerautret Y, Queyrel F, Schobb W, Di Rienzo F. Foam rolling and joint distraction with elastic band training performed for 5-7 weeks respectively improve lower limb flexibility. J Sports Sci Med. 2019;18(1):160171. PubMed ID: 30787664

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Peacock CA, Krein DD, Antonio J, Sanders GJ, Silver TA, Colas M. Comparing acute bouts of sagittal plane progression foam rolling vs. frontal plane progression foam rolling. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29(8):23102315. PubMed ID: 25647651 doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000000867

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15.

    Brusco CM, Blazevich AJ, Radaelli R, et al. . The effects of flexibility training on exercise-induced muscle damage in young men with limited hamstrings flexibility. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2018;28(6):16711680. PubMed ID: 29396987 doi:10.1111/sms.13068

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Fakhro MA, Chahine H, Srour H, Hijazi K. Effect of deep transverse friction massage vs stretching on football players’ performance. World J Orthop. 2020;11(1):4756. PubMed ID: 31966969 doi:10.5312/wjo.v11.i1.47

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    PEDro score. Canadian partnership for stroke recovery. https://www.strokengine.ca/en/glossary/pedro-score/.

  • 18.

    Wiewelhove T, Döweling A, Schneider C, et al. . A meta-analysis of the effects of foam rolling on performance and recovery. Front Physiol. 2019;10:376. PubMed ID: 31024339 doi:10.3389/fphys.2019.00376

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19.

    Stecco C, Stern R, Porzionato A, et al. . Hyaluronan within fascia in the etiology of myofascial pain. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011;33(10):891896. PubMed ID: 21964857 doi:10.1007/s00276-011-0876-9

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Salkind NJ. Cohen’s f statistic. In: Encyclopedia of Research Design. 2020. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications Research Methods. doi:10.4135/9781412961288.n59

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21.

    Bordoni B, Myers T. A review of the theoretical fascial models: biotensegrity, fascintegrity, and myofascial chains. Cureus. 2020;12(2):e7092. PubMed ID: 32226693 doi:10.7759/cureus.7092

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 224 224 39
Full Text Views 128 128 24
PDF Downloads 55 55 9