Feasibility of Injury Reporting Via Text Messaging in Club Sport Settings: A Prospective Cohort Study

in International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training
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A novel technique of short message service (SMS), or text message, has examined injuries in elite handball and female football and community Australian football with a response rate of over 75%. The purpose of this study was to determine if text message is a feasible method of prospectively collecting injury density data in club sports teams in the United States. Participants received a weekly text message with four questions asking about pain and participation in the past week. If the participant indicated pain in the past week, a follow-up phone interview was conducted to determine the nature of the pain/injury. The overall text message response rate was 89.8%; there were 281 responses out of 313 participant contacts over the 12-week study period. Semi-structured follow-up phone interviews were completed for 37 of the 55 reports of pain that were indicated through text message response, resulting in further injury information for 65.5% of injuries. Incidence density of reporting pain over the 12-week study was 0.88 (95% CI: 0.68–1.15) per 1,000 min of activity. In this sample, text message response rates were similar to previous studies; however, we did lose nine (25.7%) participants to follow-up.

Chimera is an associate professor in the Kinesiology Department, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Lininger is an associate professor in the Athletic Training Program, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA. Hudson is a physical therapist at Upstate Medical University Hospital, Syracuse, New York, USA. Kendall is a physical therapist at Elderwood at Grand Island, Grand Island, New York, USA. Plucknette is a physical therapist at Lattimore Physical Therapy and Sports Rehabilitation, Rochester, New York, USA. Szalkowski is a physical therapist with the Garden Gate Health Care Facility, Maguire Group, Buffalo, New York, USA. Warren is a professor in the Physical Therapy Program and Interdisciplinary Health PhD Program, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA.

Chimera (nchimera@brocku.ca) is corresponding author.
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