A Comparative Framing Analysis of Major Violations in the National Collegiate Athletic Association

in International Journal of Sport Communication
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  • 1 Ball State University, USA
  • 2 Louisiana State University, USA
  • 3 University of Alberta, Canada
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The present study used framing theory to analyze reports and articles from 1998 through 2016 offered by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and various newspapers to analyze the relationship between social-control agents and how they speak to specific audiences (e.g., public and NCAA members) about instances of misconduct by Division I members. The concept of conflict framing (i.e., frame alignment, counterframing, and reframing) is featured. The research demonstrated that episodic framing is more widespread than thematic framing, but it is used differently for specific audiences. The study also found that thematic framing is highly correlated with the normative approach and confirms that media outlets used assorted conflict-framing strategies (e.g., frame alignment, counterframing, and debunking) to emphasize that information on cases was false, incomplete, correct, or filtered. Different uses regarding precedent are also acknowledged, along with coverage concerning the type of institution and location of newspaper (i.e., local or national).

Walker is with the School of Kinesiology, Ball State University, Muncie, IN. Seifried and Agyemang are with the School of Kinesiology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA. Soebbing is with the Kinesiology, Sport, and Recreation Dept., University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Seifried (cseifried@lsu.edu) is corresponding author.
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