The purpose of this study was to measure plasma B-6 vitamers, and other factors which may affect the plasma concentrations of these vitamers under extreme physical conditions. Blood samples were drawn from 8 men and 3 women (43.7 ± 8.6 years) 30 min prior to the start of a 50-km ultramarathon race (pre), and at 5 (PST) and 60 (PST60) min post race. HPLC was used to measure plasma pyridoxal 5’-phosphate (PLP), pyridoxal (PL), pyridoxine (PN), and 4-pyridoxic acid (4-PA). Plasma glucose, albumin, lactate, and alkaline phosphatase activity, as well as hematocrit, and hemoglobin levels were measured. Food and liquid intake was assessed during the run. There was a significant (p < .001) decrease in the plasma PLP concentration between pre and PST, with a mean decrease of 12.9 ± 8.8 nmol/L (31% decrease). At PST60, there was a further decrease in plasma PLP concentration bringing the total decrease to 17.9 nmol/L (44%). The plasma TB6 concentration also decreased after the run, but the mean decrease was only 13.5 nmol/L (pre to PST60). PL increased 25% after the run, and did not change further at PST60. The mean plasma 4-PA concentration increased 21% post run and decreased to just below the pre-run value 1 hr post race. The plasma PLP decrease measured in the current study is not consistent with what has previously been reported during shorter length endurance studies.
The authors are with the Department of Nutrition and Food Management at Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-5103.