The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of chronic exercise training (running 30 m/min, 10% grade, 90 min/d for 8–10 weeks) on specific renal enzyme activities involved with the gluconeogenic pathway in the fed and 24-hr fasted state in rats. A portion of the kidney (containing the cortex and medulla) was homogenized from which cytosolic (c) and mitochondrial (m) fractions were separated. Maximal gluconeogenic enzyme activities were assessed for: phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (cPEPCK), fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase (cFBP), pyruvate carboxylase (mPC), aspartate aminotrans-ferase (cAspAT), alanine aminotransferase (cAlaAT), and lactate dehydroge-nase (cLDH). In the fed state, there was no significant difference between groups in any of the enzymes examined (nmoles/min × mg protei n–1): cPEPCK (25.8 ± 1.7), cFBP(106.8 ± 7.1), mPC (20.7 ± 1.8), cAspAT( 1047.1 ±38.6), cAlaAT (52.3 ±4.3), and cLDH(1728.6± 163.2). After the 24-hr fast, there was a significant increase in cPEPCK (52.4 ± 2.9 and 52.0 ± 2.1) and mPC (44.6 ± 4.3 and 47.6 ± 4.9), control and trained, respectively. These results suggest that the maximal enzyme activities for cPEPCK and mPC can be augmented as a result of fasting that was independent of the training status.
K.D. Sumida, J.H. Garrett, and W.T. McJilton are with the Department of Biological Sciences at Chapman University, Orange, CA 92866. A.L. Hevener and CM. Donovan are with the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089.