Post-exercise nutrition is critical to facilitate recovery from training. To determine if added protein (P) or increased carbohydrate (CHO) differentially improves recovery, eight runners ingested: 6% CHO (CHO6), 8% CHO + 2% protein (CHOP), and isocaloric 10% CHO (CHO10) following a 21-km run plus treadmill run to fatigue (RTF) at 90% VO2max. RTF was repeated after 2 h recovery. After 24 h, a 5 km time trial was performed. Insulin and blood glucose were higher (P < 0.05) following CHO10 compared to CHO-P and CHO6, but did not affect improvement from the first to second RTF (29.6% ± 6, 40.5% ± 8.8, 40.5% ± 14.5) or 5 km time (1100 ± 36.3, 1110 ± 37.3, 1118 ± 36.5 s). CK was not different, but perceived soreness with CHO-P (2.1 ± 0.5) was lower than CHO10 (5.2 ± 0.7). Additional calories from CHO or P above that provided in sports drinks does not improve subsequent performance after recovery; but less soreness suggests benefits with CHO-P.
Millard-Stafford is with the Exercise Physiology Laboratory, School of Applied Physiology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0356. Warren is with the Dept of Physical Therapy and Applied Physiology Laboratory, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302. Thomas and Doyle are with the Dept of Kinesiology and Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302. Snow and Hitchcock are with the School of Applied Physiology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0356.