The Impact of Varying Dietary Protein on Serum IGF-I, IGFBP-1, and IGFBP-3 during 6 Days of Physical Activity

in International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
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This study was designed to investigate the impact of dietary protein intake on serum concentrations of IGF-I and IGFBP-1 and relative amounts of serum IGFBP-3 during 6 d of physical activity. Ten men (23.8 ± 2.0 y of age) were assigned to 1 of 3 trials in a random crossover design. Each trial was isocaloric but with varying amounts of dietary protein: 50 g, 100 g, or 200 g. Subjects expended 500 kcal through treadmill running or weightlifting on alternate days for 6 d. Fasting blood samples were obtained for measurement of IGF-I, IGFBP-1, and IGFBP-3. Pre–post 24-h urine was measured for urea nitrogen. 50 g/d of protein resulted in a negative nitrogen balance, whereas 100 g/d and 200 g/d resulted in a positive nitrogen balance—200 g greater (P < 0.05) than 50 g and 100 g. Baseline IGF-I, BP-1, and BP-3 were not different among treatments. IGF-I decreased (P = 0.002) during the 6 d. Post intervention IGFBP-I was greater (P = 0.03) than at baseline. Post intervention IGFBP-3 values were not different from baseline or between trials. A 6-d modification of protein intake, while in energy balance, during a strength and conditioning program does not appear to modify serum concentrations of IGF-I or IGFBP-1 or relative amounts of IGFBP-3.

Ormsbee, J.L. Clapper, and Vukovich are with the Human Performance Laboratory, and J.A.Clapper, the Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007.