Nutrition, Illness, and Injury in Aquatic Sports

Click name to view affiliation

David B. Pyne
Search for other papers by David B. Pyne in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Evert A. Verhagen
Search for other papers by Evert A. Verhagen in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Margo Mountjoy
Search for other papers by Margo Mountjoy in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

In this review, we outline key principles for prevention of injury and illness in aquatic sports, detail the epidemiology of injury and illness in aquatic athletes at major international competitions and in training, and examine the relevant scientific evidence on nutrients for reducing the risk of illness and injury. Aquatic athletes are encouraged to consume a well-planned diet with sufficient calories, macronutrients (particularly carbohydrate and protein), and micronutrients (particularly iron, zinc, and vitamins A, D, E, B6, and B12) to maintain health and performance. Ingesting carbohydrate via sports drinks, gels, or sports foods during prolonged training sessions is beneficial in maintaining energy availability. Studies of foods or supplements containing plant polyphenols and selected strains of probiotic species are promising, but further research is required. In terms of injury, intake of vitamin D, protein, and total caloric intake, in combination with treatment and resistance training, promotes recovery back to full health and training.

Pyne is with the Dept. of Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia. Verhagen is with the Dept. of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Mountjoy is with McMaster University Medical School, Ontario, Canada.

Address author correspondence to David B. Pyne at david.pyne@ausport.gov.au.
  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 6915 1226 93
Full Text Views 291 60 2
PDF Downloads 368 70 6