Barbara Drinkwater has been a lifelong champion of equality for women in many areas of life well before it was widely accepted. Her “walking the walk” of women breaking barriers in traditional male roles in administration and leadership is exemplified by her election as the first woman president of the American College of Sports Medicine in 1988. Some of the controversial areas in which Barbara was vocal in the arena of women in sport, besides triad/relative energy deficiency in sport, include increased opportunity and participation, total equality, acceptance of diversity, intolerance of harassment and abuse, and fairness with transgender athletes. She co-founded the evidence-based advocacy group on the international stage known as Women Sport International. As a physiologist, Barbara has had a major influence on attention to the health of the female athlete, and she produced the original pioneering work in the field. Her impactful study, “Bone mineral density after resumption of menses in amenorrheic athletes,” was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in 1986. Since that time, the female athlete triad has set the stage for research and treatment to enhance women in physical activity at all levels.
Carter is Director, American College of Surgeons-Accredited Education Institute Comprehensive Simulation Center, Rocky Vista School of Medicine, Parker, CO.
International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
DrinkwaterB.L.BruemnerB. & ChesnutC.H.3rd. (1990). Menstrual history as a determinant of current bone density in young athletes. Journal of the American Medical Association263(4) 545–548. PubMed ID: 2294327 doi:10.1001/jama.1990.03440040084033
Drinkwater, B.L., Bruemner, B., & Chesnut, C.H., 3rd. (1990). Menstrual history as a determinant of current bone density in young athletes. 263(4), 545–548. PubMed ID: 2294327 doi:10.1001/jama.1990.0344004008403310.1001/jama.1990.03440040084033)| false
DrinkwaterB.L.NilsonK.ChesnutC.H.3rdBremnerW.J.ShainholtzS. & SouthworthM.B. (1984). Bone mineral content of amenorrheic and eumenorrheic athletes. The New England Journal of Medicine311(5) 277–281. PubMed ID: 6738640 doi:10.1056/NEJM198408023110501
DrinkwaterB.L.NilsonK.OttS. & ChesnutC.H.3rd. (1986). Bone mineral density after resumption of menses in amenorrheic athletes. Journal of the American Medical Association256(3) 380–382. PubMed ID: 3723725 doi:10.1001/jama.1986.03380030082032
Drinkwater, B.L., Nilson, K., Ott, S., & Chesnut, C.H., 3rd. (1986). Bone mineral density after resumption of menses in amenorrheic athletes. 256(3), 380–382. PubMed ID: 3723725 doi:10.1001/jama.1986.0338003008203210.1001/jama.1986.03380030082032)| false
NattivA.AgostiniR.DrinkwaterB. & YeagerK.K. (1994). The female athlete triad. The inter-relatedness of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. Clinics in Sports Medicine13(2) 405–418. PubMed ID: 8013041
Nattiv, A., Agostini, R., Drinkwater, B., & Yeager, K.K. (1994). The female athlete triad. The inter-relatedness of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. 13(2), 405–418. PubMed ID: 8013041)| false
RenckenM.L.ChesnutC.H.3rd & DrinkwaterB.L. (1996). Bone density at multiple skeletal sites in amenorrheic athletes. Journal of the American Medical Association276(3) 238–240. PubMed ID: 8667570 doi:10.1001/jama.1996.03540030072035