Total Energy Expenditure, Physical Activity Level, and Water Turnover of Collegiate Dinghy Sailors in a Training Camp

in International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD $24.95

Student 1 year subscription

USD $87.00

1 year subscription

USD $116.00

Student 2 year subscription

USD $165.00

2 year subscription

USD $215.00

Prior studies have examined offshore sailing and energy strategies using accurate total energy expenditure (TEE) measurement in free-living conditions. However, no research has studied energy and water requirements during dinghy class sailing such as an Olympic event with concentrated training. This study aimed to investigate the TEE, physical activity level (PAL), and water turnover (rH2O) of collegiate dinghy sailors in a training camp using the doubly labeled water method. Eleven dinghy sailing collegiate athletes (nine males and two females) participated. The doubly labeled water method was used to determine the participants’ TEE and PAL over 8 days (six training and two nontraining days). Participants trained approximately 7 hr/day on water. Body fat was measured using a stable isotope dilution method. The rH2O was estimated using deuterium turnover. The mean TEE, PAL, and rH2O were 17.30 ± 4.22 MJ/day (4,133 ± 1,009 kcal/day), 2.8 ± 0.3 (range: 2.1–4.1), and 3.3 ± 0.7 L/day (range: 2.6–4.5 L/day), respectively. To our knowledge, this was the first study to use the doubly labeled water method to determine TEE, PAL, and rH2O as references for competitive dinghy sailors in a spring training camp. Our results may serve as a reference to assist competitive dinghy sailors in determining their required nutritional support.

Sagayama is with the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan; and the Japan Institute of Sports Sciences, Tokyo, Japan. Toguchi is with Rokuto Orthopedic Clinic, Okinawa, Japan. Yasukata, Higaki, and Tanaka are with the Fukuoka University Institute for Physical Activity, Fukuoka, Japan. Yasukata, Yonaha, Higaki, and Tanaka are with the Faculty of Sports and Health Science, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Address author correspondence to Hiroyuki Sagayama at hiroyuki.sagayama@jpnsport.go.jp and sagayama.h@gmail.com.
International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Article Sections
References
  • AinsworthB.E.HaskellW.L.HerrmannS.D.MeckesN.BassettD.R.Jr.Tudor-LockeC. . . . LeonA.S. (2011). 2011 Compendium of Physical Activities: A second update of codes and MET values. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 43(8) 15751581. PubMed ID: 21681120 doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e31821ece12

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AllenJ.B. & De JongM.R. (2006). Sailing and sports medicine: A literature review. British Journal of Sports Medicine 40(7) 587593. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2002.001669

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BernardiE.DelussuS.A.QuattriniF.M.RodioA. & BernardiM. (2007). Energy balance and dietary habits of America’s Cup sailors. Journal of Sports Sciences 2511531160. PubMed ID: 17613739 doi:10.1080/02640410701287180

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BlackA.E.PrenticeA.M. & CowardW.A. (1986). Use of food quotients to predict respiratory quotients for the doubly-labelled water method of measuring energy expenditure. Human Nutrition. Clinical Nutrition 40381391. PubMed ID: 3771290

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BourgoisJ.G.DumortierJ.CallewaertM.CelieB.CapelliC.SjøgaardG. . . . BooneJ. (2017). Tribute to Dr Jacques Rogge: Muscle activity and fatigue during hiking in Olympic dinghy sailing. European Journal of Sports Science 17(5) 611620. doi:10.1080/17461391.2017.1300328

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BranthS.HambraeusL.WesterterpK.AnderssonA.EdsgrenR.MustelinM. & NilssonR. (1996). Energy turnover in a sailing crew during offshore racing around the world. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 28(10) 12721276. PubMed ID: 8897384 doi:10.1097/00005768-199610000-00010

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CastagnaO.Vaz PardalC. & BrisswalterJ. (2007). The assessment of energy demand in the new Olympic windsurf board: Neilpryde RS:X. European Journal of Applied Physiology 100(2) 247252. PubMed ID: 17297627 doi:10.1007/s00421-007-0403-1

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FjeldC.R.BrownK.H. & SchoellerD.A. (1988). Validation of the deuterium oxide method for measuring average daily milk intake in infant. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 48671679. PubMed ID: 2843027 doi:10.1093/ajcn/48.3.671

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FogelholmG.M. & LahtinenP.K. (1991). Nutritional evaluation of a sailing crew during a transatlantic race. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 199103. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0838.1991.tb00278.x

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HillR.J. & DaviesP.S. (2001). Energy expenditure during 2 wk of an ultra-endurance run around Australia. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 33148151. PubMed ID: 11194100 doi:10.1097/00005768-200101000-00022

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HillR.J. & DaviesP.S. (2002). Energy intake and energy expenditure in elite lightweight female rowers. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 3418231829. PubMed ID: 12439089 doi:10.1097/00005768-200211000-00020

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ministry of Health Labour and Welfare. (2015). Dietary reference intake for Japanese. Tokyo Daiichi Publishing Co. (In Japanese).

    • Export Citation
  • RacetteS.B.SchoellerD.A.LukeA.H.ShayK.HnilickaJ. & KushnerR.F. (1994). Relative dilution spaces of 2H- and 18O-labeled water in humans. The American Journal of Physiology 267(4 Pt 1) 585590. PubMed ID: 7943308

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RubyB.C.SchoellerD.A.SharkeyB.J.BurksC. & TyskS. (2003). Water turnover and changes in body composition during arduous wildfire suppression. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 3517601765. PubMed ID: 14523317 doi:10.1249/01.MSS.0000089348.39312.4D

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SagayamaH.KondoE.ShioseK.YamadaY.MotonagaK.OuchiS. . . . TanakaH. (2017). Energy requirement assessment and water turnover in Japanese college wrestlers using the doubly labeled water method. Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 63141147. doi:10.3177/jnsv.63.141

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SagayamaH.YamadaY.RacineN.M.ShriverT.C.SchoellerD.A. & DLW Study Group. (2016). Dilution space ratio of 2H and 18O of doubly labeled water method in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology 120(11) 13491354. PubMed ID: 26989221 doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.01037.2015

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SchoellerD.A. (1983). Energy expenditure from doubly labeled water: Some fundamental considerations in humans. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 38(6) 9991005. doi:10.1093/ajcn/38.6.999

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SchoellerD.A.RavussinE.SchutzY.AchesonK.J.BaertschiP. & JéquierE. (1986). Energy expenditure by doubly labeled water: Validation in humans and proposed calculation. The American Journal of Physiology 250(5 Pt 2) R823R830. PubMed ID: 3085521

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WangZ.DeurenbergP.WangW.PietrobelliA.BaumgartnerR.N. & HeymsfieldS.B. (1999). Hydration of fat-free body mass: Review and critique of a classic body-composition constant. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 69833841. PubMed ID: 10232621 doi:10.1093/ajcn/69.5.833

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WeirJ.B. (1949). New methods for calculating metabolic rate with special reference to protein metabolism. The Journal of Physiology 109(1–2) 19. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1949.sp004363

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
Article Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 834 834 18
Full Text Views 44 44 3
PDF Downloads 31 31 3
Altmetric Badge
PubMed
Google Scholar