The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adequacy of dietary intake in 16 female heavyweight rowers during the sprint racing phase of the season. Caloric intake for the rowers was 2,633 kcal/day, lower than expected given the training regimen of these athletes. On average, rowers consumed below-optimal levels of carbohydrate. Protein intake was satisfactory but fat intake was higher than recommended. For the majority of rowers, micronutrient intake met the RDA. However, calcium, zinc, , and fell short of meeting two-thirds of the RDA for a significant percentage of rowers. The preevent meal consumed both 15 hr and 2 hr before the event provided less carbohydrate and fluid but more fat than desirable. Female heavyweight rowers would benefit from nutritional counseling that provides strategies for increasing complex carbohydrates, calcium, zinc, , and while reducing dietary fat. Adequate fluid intake is also essential.
S.N. Steen and T.A. Wadden are with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3600 Market St., Suite 734, Philadelphia, PA-19104-2648. K. Mayer is with Harvard University Law School, Cambridge, MA 02138. K.D. Brownell is with the Department of Psychology, 2 Hillhouse Ave., Box 11A Yale Station, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-7447.