Nutrient Intake and Psychological and Physiological Assessment in Eumenorrheic and Amenorrheic Female Athletes: A Preliminary Study

in International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
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The present study showed that amenorrheic athletes (AAs) scored higher on the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT) (p < .05) than eumenorrheic athletes (EAs), indicating more aberrant eating patterns in the first group. Scores on the EAT were inversely correlated with fat intake (p < .05), simple carbohydrate intake (p < .01), and percentage saturation of iron (p < .05) and were positively correlated with total iron binding capacity (p < .01) for the total sample. Physiological assessment of athletes revealed that there were no significant differences between groups in serum lipoproteins, with both EAs and AAs having serum lipid profiles indicative of low cardiovascular risk. Furthermore, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was the only lipoprotein significantly and positively correlated with serum estradiol levels for the entire sample (p = .01). The present study was in agreement with previous work showing that scores on the EAT represent a primary difference between EAs and AAs; the present study was somewhat different than previous work in that serum lipoproteins were not significantly related to menstrual status.

A.C. Peny, J.F. Signorile, and P.C. Miller are with the Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Miami, P.O. Box 248065, Coral Gables, FL 33124. S. Marquez-Sterling was with the Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Miami. L.S. Crane and B. Applegate are with the Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation, University of Miami.