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Purpose:

To examine the relationship between the relative load in full squats and the height achieved in jump-squat (JS) exercises and to determine the load that maximizes the power output of high-level athletes.

Method:

Fifty-one male high-level track-and-field athletes (age 25.2 ± 4.4 y, weight 77. ± 6.2 kg, height 179.9 ± 5.6 cm) who competed in sprinting and jumping events took part in the study. Full-squat 1-repetition-maximum (1-RM) and JS height (JH) with loads from 17 to 97 kg were measured in 2 sessions separated by 48 h.

Results:

Individual regression analyses showed that JH (R 2 = .992 ± .005) and the jump decrease (JD) that each load produced with respect to the unloaded countermovement jump (CMJ) (R 2 = .992 ± 0.007) are highly correlated with the full-squat %1-RM, which means that training intensities can be prescribed using JH and JD values. The authors also found that the load that maximizes JS’s power output was 0%RM (ie, unloaded CMJ).

Conclusions:

These results highlight the close relationship between JS performance and relative training intensity in terms of %1-RM. The authors also observed that the load that maximizes power output was 0%1-RM. Monitoring jump height during JS training could help coaches and athletes determine and optimize their training loads.

Jiménez-Reyes is with the Dept of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, St Anthony Catholic University, Murcia, Spain. Pareja-Blanco, Ortega-Becerra, and Gonzalez-Badillo are with the Faculty of Sport, Pablo de Olavide University, Seville, Spain. Balsalobre-Fernández is with the Dept of Physical Education, Sports and Human Movement, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain. Cuadrado-Peñafiel is with the Faculty of Education, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Address author correspondence to Pedro Jiménez-Reyes at peterjr49@hotmail.com.