To investigate the effect of ingesting carbohydrate and caffeine solutions on measures that are central to success in badminton.
Twelve male badminton players performed a badminton serve-accuracy test, coincidence-anticipation timing (CAT), and a choice reaction-time sprint test 60 min before exercise. Participants then consumed 7 mL/kg body mass of either water (PLA), 6.4% carbohydrate solution (CHO), a solution containing a caffeine dose of 4 mg/kg, or 6.4% carbohydrate and 4 mg/kg caffeine (C+C). All solutions were flavored with orange-flavored concentrate. During the 33-min fatigue protocol, participants were provided with an additional 3 mL/kg body mass of solution, which was ingested before the end of the protocol. As soon as the 33-min fatigue protocol was completed, all measures were recorded again.
Short-serve accuracy was improved after the ingestion of CHO and C+C compared with PLA (P = .001, ηp2 = .50). Long-serve accuracy was improved after the ingestion of C+C compared with PLA (P < .001, ηp2 = .53). Absolute error in CAT demonstrated smaller deteriorations after the ingestion of C+C compared with PLA (P < .05; slow, ηp2 = .41; fast, ηp2 = .31). Choice reaction time improved in all trials with the exception of PLA, which demonstrated a reduction (P < .001, ηp2 = .85), although C+C was faster than all trials (P < .001, ηp2 = .76).
These findings suggest that the ingestion of a caffeinated carbohydrate solution before and during a badminton match can maintain serve accuracy, anticipation timing, and sprinting actions around the court.
The authors are with the Dept of Applied Sciences and Health, Coventry University, Coventry, UK.