Anaerobic Energy Production During Sprint Paddling in Junior Competitive and Recreational Surfers

in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

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Clare L. Minahan
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Danielle J. Pirera
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Beth Sheehan
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Luke MacDonald
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Phillip M. Bellinger
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This study compared determinants of a 30-s all-out paddling effort (30-s sprint-paddling test) between junior surfboard riders (surfers) of varying ability. Eight competitive (COMP) and 8 recreational (REC) junior male surfers performed a 30-s sprint-paddling test for the determination of peak sprint power and accumulated O2 deficit. Surfers also performed an incremental-paddling test for the determination of the O2 uptake–power output relationship that was subsequently used to calculate the accumulated O2 deficit for the 30-s sprint-paddling test. During the 30-s sprint-paddling test, peak sprint power (404 ± 98 vs 292 ± 56 W, respectively, P = .01) and the accumulated O2 deficit (1.60 ± 0.31 vs 1.14 ± 0.38 L, respectively, P = .02) were greater in COMP than in REC surfers, whereas peak O2 uptake measured during the incremental-paddling test was not different (2.7 ± 0.1 vs 2.5 ± 0.2 L/min, respectively, P = .11). The higher peak sprint power and larger accumulated O2 deficit observed in COMP than in REC surfers during a 30-s sprint paddling test suggest that surfing promotes development of the anaerobic energy systems. Furthermore, peak sprint power determined during 30 s of sprint paddling may be considered a sensitive measure of surfing ability or experience in junior male surfers.

Minahan, Sheehan, MacDonald, and Bellinger are with the School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia. Pirera is with Surfing Australia High Performance Centre, Casuarina Beach, Australia.

Address author correspondence to Phillip Bellinger at p.bellinger@griffith.edu.au.
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