Demands of World Cup Competitions in Elite Women’s Road Cycling

in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $112.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $149.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $213.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $284.00

Purpose: To describe the demand of recent World Cup (WC) races comparing top-10 (T10) and non-top-10 (N-T10) performances using power data. Methods: Race data were collected in 1-d World Cup races during the 2012–2015 road cycling seasons. Seven female cyclists completed 49 WC races, finishing 25 times in T10 and 24 times in N-T10. Peak power (1 s) and maximal mean power (MMP) for durations of 5, 10, 20, and 30 s and 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 30, and 60 min expressed as power to weight ratio were analyzed in T10 and N-T10. The percentage of total race time spent at different power bands was compared between T10 and N-T10 using 0.75-W·kg−1 power bands, ranging from <0.75 to >7.50 W·kg−1. The number of efforts in which the power output remained above 7.50 W·kg−1 for at least 10 s was recorded. Results: MMPs were significantly higher in T10 than in N-T10, with a large effect size for durations between 10 s and 5 min. N-T10 spent more time in the 3.01- to 3.75-W·kg−1 power band when compared to T10 (P = .011); conversely, T10 spent more time in the 6.75- to 7.50- and >7.50-W·kg−1 power bands (P = .009 and .005, respectively) than N-T10. A significantly higher number of short and high-intensity efforts (≥10 s, >7.5 W·kg−1) was ridden by T10 than N-T10 (P = .002), specifically, 46 ± 20 and 30 ± 15 efforts for T10 and N-T10, respectively. Conclusions: The ability to ride at high intensity was determinant for successful road-cycling performances in WC races.

Menaspà is with the School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia. Sias and La Torre are with the Dept of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy. Bates is with the High Performance Unit, Cycling Australia, Melbourne, Australia.

Menaspà (p.menaspa@ecu.edu.au) is corresponding author.
  • 1.

    Union Cycliste Internationale. Uci Ranking. http://www.uci.ch/road/ranking/. Accessed February 22, 2016.

    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Union Cycliste Internationale. Uci Women’s Worldtour: top level racing worldwide. http://www.uci.ch/road/news/article/uci-women-worldtour-top-level-racing-worldwide/. Accessed February 22, 2016.

    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Garvican-Lewis LA, Clark B, Martin DT, et al. Impact of altitude on power output during cycling stage racing. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(12):0143028. PubMed doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0143028

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Menaspà P, Quod M, Martin DT, Peiffer JJ, Abbiss CR. Physical demands of sprinting in professional road cycling. Int J Sports Med. 2015;36(13):10581062. doi:10.1055/s-0035-1554697

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Abbiss CR, Menaspà P, Villerius V, Martin DT. Distribution of power output when establishing a breakaway in cycling. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2013;8(4):452455. PubMed doi:10.1123/ijspp.8.4.452

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Abbiss CR, Straker L, Quod MJ, Martin DT, Laursen PB. Examining pacing profiles in elite female road cyclists using exposure variation analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2010;44(6):437442. PubMed doi:10.1136/bjsm.2008.047787

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Impellizzeri FM, Ebert T, Sassi A, Menaspà P, Rampinini E, Martin DT. Level ground and uphill cycling ability in elite female mountain bikers and road cyclists. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2008;102(3):335341. PubMed doi:10.1007/s00421-007-0590-9

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Martin DT, McLean B, Trewin C, Lee H, Victor J, Hahn AG. Physiological characteristics of nationally competitive female road cyclists and demands of competition. Sports Med. 2001;31(7):469477. PubMed doi:10.2165/00007256-200131070-00002

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Ebert TR, Martin DT, McDonald W, Victor J, Plummer J, Withers RT. Power output during women’s world cup road cycle racing. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2005;95(5–6):529536. PubMed doi:10.1007/s00421-005-0039-y

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Union Cycliste Internationale. Women World Record. http://fr.uci.ch/mm/Document/News/NewsGeneral/16/60/62/2015.10.09_Historiquedesrecords_FemmesElite_Neutral.pdf. Accessed February 21, 2016.

    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Decroix L, De Pauw K, Foster C, Meeusen R. Guidelines to classify female subject groups in sport science research. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2016;11(2):204213.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Paton CD, Hopkins WG. Tests of cycling performance. Sports Med. 2001;31(7):489496. PubMed doi:10.2165/00007256-200131070-00004

  • 13.

    Abbiss CR, Quod MJ, Levin G, Martin DT, Laursen PB. Accuracy of the velotron ergometer and SRM power meter. Int J Sports Med. 2009;30(2):107112. PubMed doi:10.1055/s-0028-1103285

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Menaspà P, Haakonssen E, Sharma A, Clark B. Accuracy in measurement of elevation gain in road cycling. J Sci Cycling. 2016;5(1).

  • 15.

    Menaspà P, Impellizzeri FM, Haakonssen EC, Martin DT, Abbiss CR. Consistency of commercial devices for measuring elevation gain. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2014;9(5):884886. doi:10.1123/ijspp.2013-0232

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Sullivan GM, Feinn R. Using effect size-or why the P value is not enough. J Grad Med Educ. 2012;4(3):279282. PubMed doi:10.4300/JGME-D-12-00156.1

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Cohen J. Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. 2nd ed. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; 1988.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 221 173 8
Full Text Views 11 11 0
PDF Downloads 8 8 0