Validation of a Maximal Incremental Skating Test Performed on a Slide Board: Comparison With Treadmill Skating

in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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Purpose: To investigate the criterion validity of a maximal incremental skating test performed on a slide board (SB). Methods: Twelve subelite speed skaters performed a maximal skating test on a treadmill and on a SB. Gas exchange threshold (GET), respiratory compensation point (RCP), and maximal variables were determined. Results: Oxygen uptake (V˙O2) (31.0 ± 3.2 and 31.4 ± 4.1 mL·min−1·kg−1), percentage of maximal V˙O2 (V˙O2max) (66.3 ± 4 and 67.7 ± 7.1%), HR (153 ± 14 and 150 ±12 bpm), and ventilation (59.8 ± 11.8 and 57.0 ± 10.7 L·min−1) at GET, and V˙O2 (42.5 ± 4.4 and 42.9 ± 4.8 mL·min−1·kg−1), percentage of V˙O2max (91.1 ± 3.3 and 92.4 ± 2.1%), heart rate (HR) (178 ± 9 and 178 ± 6 bpm), and ventilation (96.5 ± 19.2 and 92.1 ± 12.7 L·min−1) at RCP were not different between skating on a treadmill and on a SB. V˙O2max (46.7 ± 4.4 vs 46.4 ±6.1 mL·min−1·kg−1) and maximal HR (195 ± 6 vs 196 ± 10 bpm) were not significantly different and correlated (r = .80 and r = .87, respectively; P < .05) between the treadmill and SB. V˙O2 at GET, RCP, and V˙O2max obtained on a SB were correlated (r > .8) with athletes’ best times on 1500 m. Conclusions: The incremental skating test on a SB was capable to distinguish maximal (V˙O2 and HR) and submaximal (V˙O2, % V˙O2max, HR, and ventilation) parameters known to determine endurance performance. Therefore, the SB test can be considered as a specific and practical alternative to evaluate speed skaters.

The authors are with the Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Piucco (tatianepiucco@yahoo.com.br) is corresponding author.
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